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Clinical references used on herbal information

In compiling the herbal encyclopedia, as well as putting together information for the product pages, as well as other pages, on this website, we used various monograms and reference books.

clinical references

GENERAL REFERENCES

  • Brown, D., New Encyclopedia of herbs and their uses. Dorking Kindersley Limited.
  • Kircher, T., Herbs for the soul. Thorsons.
  • Wildwood, C., The Encyclopedia of healing plants. Judy Piatjus Ltd.
  • Murray, M. T., The Healing power of herbs. Random House.
  • Gursche, S and Rona, Z., Encyclopedia of natural Healing, Natrual Life Publishing, Inc.
  • Battaglia, S., The complete guide to aromatherapy, The Perfect Potion.
  • Chmelik, S., Chinese herbal secrets. Gill and MacMillan Ltd.
  • D'Amelio, F., Botanicals, a phyot-cosmetic desk reference. CRC Press LLC.
  • Balch, J. F, Balch, P. A., Prescription for nutritional healing, 2nd edition, Avery Publishing Group.
  • Balch, P. A., Prescription for herbal healing, Avery Publishing Group.
  • Readers Digest, The healing power of vitamins, minerals and herbs, Readers Digest Association of South Africa.
  • Readers Digest, Guide to medical cures and treatments, Readers Digest Association of South Africa.
  • van Wyk, B., Wink, M., Medicinal Plants of the World, Briza Publications.
  • Holford, P., New optimum nutrition bible, Piatkus Books Ltd.
  • Castleman, M., The new healing herbs, Rodale Inc.
  • White, L. B., Foster, S., The herbal drug store, Rodale Inc.
  • Nadkarni, K. M., Indian Materia Medica, Volume I and II, Bombay Popular Prakashan.
  • Sairam, T. V., Home remedies volume III, Penguin Books India
  • Null, G., The Clinician's Handbook of Natural Healing, Kensington Publishing Corp.

Apart from our general references above, we also made use of the following specific references, pursuant to specific herbs.

We also have references pertaining to stretch marks - striae.

Please note that the information on this website is for general information only, and must not be used to treat or diagnose any medical conditions, and has not been reviewed or approved by any medical authority. Should you have a health condition, please refer and discuss it to your medical practitioner.


Almond oil

  1. Materie Medicale, Paris R, Moyse H. - Ed. Masson ( 20 Ed.)
  2. Elementi Di Fitocosmesi, Proserpio G, Martelli A, Patri G.F.- Ed. Seppem (1983)
  3. Flora Española Medicinal y Aromatica, Montero A., - Ed. Valeriano Campesino (1944)
  4. Bioquimica De Los Lipidos, Santos Ruiz A. - Ed. Aguila (1950)

Aloe vera

  1. Hirschmann, RF et col., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 91, 507 (1969).
  2. Waller, GR; Mangiafico, S., Proc. Alka. Acad. Sci. 58, 69-76 (1978).
  3. Brezhinskaia, V; Kondratenko, P., Proc. Indian Nat.l. Sci. Acad. Part B, 42 (4-5) (1976).
  4. Hirata T; Saga T., Z. Naturforsch, 32 (9-10), 731-4 (1977).
  5. Rovatti, B; Brennan, R.J., Indus. Med. and Surg. 28 (8), 364-8 (1959).
  6. Zawahry, E; Hegazy, MR; Helal, M., Int. J. Dermatol. 12 (1), 68-73 (1973).

Angelica root

  1. Braun, R. et al. 1997. Standardzulassungen für Fertigarzneimittel—Text and Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  2. British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP). 1983. Keighley, U.K.: British Herbal Medicine Association.
  3. British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP). 1996. Exeter, U.K.: British Herbal Medicine Association.
  4. Bruneton, J. 1995. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing.
  5. Budavari, S. (ed.). 1996. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 12th ed. Whitehouse Station, N.J.: Merck & Co, Inc. 109.
  6. Bundesanzeiger (BAnz). 1998. Monographien der Kommission E (Zulassungs- und Aufbereitungskommission am BGA für den humanmed. Bereich, phytotherapeutische Therapierichtung und Stoffgruppe). Köln: Bundesgesundheitsamt (BGA).
  7. Deutscher Arzneimittel-Codex (DAC). 1986. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  8. Deutsches Arzneibuch, 10th ed., 2nd suppl. (DAB 10). 1993. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  9. Deutsches Arzneibuch der Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DAB-DDR). 1983. Berlin: Akademie Verlag.
  10. Grieve, M. 1979. A Modern Herbal. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
  11. Harada, M., M. Suzuki, Y. Ozaki. 1984. Effect of Japanese Angelica root and peony root on uterine contraction in the rabbit in situ. J Pharmacobiodyn 7(5):304–311.
  12. Härmälä, P., H. Vuorela, K. Tornquist, R. Hiltunen. 1992. Choice of solvent in the extraction of Angelica archangelica roots with reference to calcium blocking activity. Planta Med 58(2):176–183.
  13. Karnick, C.R. 1994. Pharmacopoeial Standards of Herbal Plants, Vol. 1. Delhi: Sri Satguru Publications. 11–12.
  14. Lange, D. and U. Schippmann. 1997. Trade Survey of Medicinal Plants in Germany—A Contribution to International Plant Species Conservation. Bonn: Bundesamt für Naturschutz. 32.
  15. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 32–34.
  16. McGuffin, M., C. Hobbs, R. Upton, A. Goldberg. 1997. American Herbal Product Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 10.
  17. Meyer-Buchtela, E. 1999. Tee-Rezepturen—Ein Handbuch für Apotheker und Ärzte. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  18. Newall, C.A., L.A. Anderson, J.D. Phillipson. 1996. Herbal Medicines: A Guide for Health-Care Professionals. London: The Pharmaceutical Press. 28–29.
  19. Opdyke, D.L.J. 1975. Angelica root oil. Food Cosmet Toxicol 13(suppl.):713.
  20. Österreichisches Arzneibuch, 1st suppl. (ÖAB). 1983. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.
  21. Österreichisches Arzneibuch (ÖAB). 1991. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.
  22. Reiter, M. and W. Brandt. 1985. Relaxant effects on tracheal and ileal smooth muscles of the guinea pig. Arnzeimforsch 35(1A):408–414.
  23. Schilcher, H. 1997. Phytotherapy in Paediatrics: Handbook for Physicians and Pharmacists . Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers. 48.
  24. Weiss, R.F. 1988. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers. 46–47.
  25. Wichtl, M. and N.G. Bisset (eds.). 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers. 70–72.
  26. Wren, R.C. 1988. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Essex: The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd.
  27. British Pharmaceutical Codex (BPC). 1934. London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  28. Salikhova, R.A., Sh.N. Dulatova, G.G. Poroshenko. 1993. Izuchenie antimutagennykh svoistv dudnika lekarstvennogo (Angelica archangelica L.) mikroiadernym testom [Study of the antimutagenic properties of Angelica archangelica by the micronucleus test]. Biull Eksp Biol Med 115(4):371–372.
  29. Salikhova, R.A. and G.G. Poroshenko. 1995. Antimutagennye svoistva dudnika lekarstvennogo [Antimutagenic properties of Angelica archangelica L]. Vestn Ross Akad Med Nauk (1):58-61.
  30. Wichtl, M. (ed.). 1989. Teedrogen, 2nd ed. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Artichoke

  1. Adzet, T. et al. 1987. Action of an artichoke extract against CC14-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Acta Pharm Jugosl 37:183–187.
  2. Bianchini, F. and F. Corbetta. 1977. Health Plants of the World—Atlas of Medicinal Plants. New York: Newsweek Books.
  3. British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP). 1996. Exeter, U.K.: British Herbal Medicine Association.
  4. Bruneton, J. 1995. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing.
  5. Budavari, S. (ed.). 1996. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 12th ed. Whitehouse Station, N.J.: Merck & Co, Inc. 467-468.
  6. Bundesanzeiger (BAnz). 1998. Monographien der Kommission E (Zulassungs- und Aufbereitungskommission am BGA für den humanmed. Bereich, phytotherapeutische Therapierichtung und Stoffgruppe). Köln: Bundesgesundheitsamt (BGA).
  7. Grieve, M. 1971. A Modern Herbal. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. 60.
  8. Hänsel, R., K. Keller, H. Rimpler, G. Schneider (eds.). 1992–1994. Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, 5th ed. Vol. 4–6. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
  9. Iwu, M.M. 1993. Handbook of African Medicinal Plants. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 167–168.
  10. Kirchhoff, R. et al. 1994. Increase in choleresis by means of artichoke extract. Phytomedicine 1:107–115.
  11. Kraft, K. 1997. Artichoke leaf extract—recent findings reflecting effects on lipid metabolism, liver, and gastrointestinal tracts. Phytomedicine 4(4):369–378.
  12. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 42–44.
  13. Lietti, A. 1977. Choleretic and cholesterol lowering properties of two artichoke extracts. Fitoterapia (48):153-158.
  14. Maros T, G. Racz, B. Katonai, V.V. Kovacs. 1966. Wirkungen der Cynara scolymus -Extrakte auf die Regeneration der Rattenleber [Effects of Cynara scolymus extracts on the regeneration of rat liver. 1]. Arzneimforsch 16(2):127–129.
  15. Meyer-Buchtela, E. 1999. Tee-Rezepturen—Ein Handbuch für Apotheker und Ärzte. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  16. Newall, C.A., L.A. Anderson, J.D. Phillipson. 1996. Herbal Medicines: A Guide for Health-Care Professionals. London: The Pharmaceutical Press. 37–38.
  17. Schilcher, H. 1997. Phytotherapy in Paediatrics: Handbook for Physicians and Pharmacists. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers. 45–46.

Asparagus

  1. Boik, J. 1995. Cancer and Natural Medicine: A Textbook of Basic Science and Clinical Research. Princeton, Minnesota: Oregon Medical Press.
  2. Bruneton, J. 1995. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants . Paris: Lavoisier Publishing.
  3. Dalvi, S.S., P.M. Nadkarni, K.C. Gupta. 1990. Effect of Asparagus racemosus (Shatavari) on gastric emptying time in normal healthy volunteers. J Postgrad Med 36(2):91–94.
  4. Hamilton, E.M.N. and E.N. Whitney. 1982. Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies, 2nd ed. New York: West Publishing.
  5. Huang, K.C. 1993. The Pharmacology of Chinese Herbs. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  6. Lad, V. and D. Frawley. 1986. The Yoga of Herbs. Sante Fe, N.M.: Lotus Press.
  7. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  8. Mitchell, S.C., R.H. Waring, D. Land, W.V. Thorpe. 1987. Odorous urine following Asparagus ingestion in man. Experientia 43(4):382–383.
  9. Mitsuoka, T., H. Hidaka, T. Eida. 1987. Effect of fructo-oligosaccharides on intestinal microflora. Nahrung 31(5–6):427–436.
  10. Rege, N.N. et al. 1989. Immunotherapeutic modulation of intraperitoneal adhesions by Asparagus racemosus . J Postgrad Med 35(4):199–203.
  11. Shao, Y. et al. 1996. Anti-tumor activity of the crude saponins obtained from asparagus . Cancer Lett 104(1):31–36.
  12. Stecher, P.G. (ed.). 1968. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals and Drugs, 8th ed. Rahway, N.J.: Merck & Co., Inc.
  13. Stephens, J.M. 1994. Asparagus—Asparagus officinalis L. Fact Sheet HS-546, Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extention Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida.
  14. Thatte, U.M. and S.A. Dahanukar. 1988. Comparative study of immunomodulating activity of Indian medicinal plants, lithium carbonate and glucan. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol 10(10):639–644.
  15. Wren, R.C. 1988. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Essex: The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd.

Bilberry

  1. Anderhuber, R. 1991. Vaccinium myrtillus . Aust J Med Herbalism 3:13–14.
  2. Azar, M., E. Verette, S. Brun. 1987. Identification of some phenolic compounds in bilberry juice Vaccinium myrtillus. J Food Sci 52(5):1255–1257.
  3. Barrette, E.P. 1999. Bilberry fruit extract for night vision. Alternative Medicine Alert™ 2(2):20–21.
  4. Bone, K. and M. Morgan. 1997. Bilberry—The Vision Herb. MediHerb Professional Review 59:1–4.
  5. Braun, R. et al. 1997. Standardzulassungen für Fertigarzneimittel—Text and Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  6. Bravetti, G. 1989. Preventive medical treatment of senile cataract with vitamin E and anthocyanosides: clinical evaluation. Ann Ottalmol Clin Ocul 115:109.
  7. Bruneton, J. 1995. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing.
  8. Bundesanzeiger (BAnz). 1998. Monographien der Kommission E (Zulassungs- und Aufbereitungskommission am BGA für den humanmed. Bereich, phytotherapeutische Therapierichtung und Stoffgruppe). Köln: Bundesgesundheitsamt (BGA).
  9. Caselli, L. 1985. Studio clinico ed elettroretinografico sull'attivita degli antocianosidi [Clinical and electroretinographic study on activity of anthocyanosides]. Arch Med Int (Parma) 37:29–35.
  10. Cluzel, C., P. Bastide, P. Tronche. 1969. [Phosphoglucomutase and glucose-6-phosphatase activities of the retina and anthocyanoside extracts from Vaccinium myrtillus (study in vitro and in vivo )] [In French]. C R Seances Soc Biol Fil 163(1):147–150.
  11. Colantuoni, A., S. Bertuglia, M.J. Magistretti, L. Donato. 1991. Effects of Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides on arterial vasomation. Arzneimforsch 41(9):905–909.
  12. Cunio, L. 1993. Vaccinium myrtillus . Aust J Med Herbalism 5(4):81–85.
  13. Deutscher Arzneimittel-Codex (DAC). 1986. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  14. Ferretti, C., M.J. Magistretti, A. Robotti, P. Ghi, E. Genazzani. 1988. Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides are inhibitors of cAMP and cGMP phosphodiesterases. Pharm Res Comm 20(11):150.
  15. Fiorini, G., A. Biancacci, F.M. Graziano. 1965. Modificazioni perimetriche ed adattometriche dopo ingestione di mirtillina associata a beta-carotene [Perimetric and adaptometric modifications after ingestion of myrtillin associated with beta-carotene]. Ann Ottalmol Clin Ocul 91(6):371–386.
  16. Foster, S. 1996. Bilberry: A Long History. Health Food Business. August 1996: 40.
  17. Friedrich, V.H. and J. Schönert. 1973. Untersuchungen über einige Inhaltsstoffe der Blätter und Früchte von Vaccinium myrtillus [Phytochemical investigation of leaves and fruits of Vaccinium myrtillus ]. Planta Med 24(1):90–100.
  18. German Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia (GHP). 1993. Translation of the Deutsches Homöopathisches Arzneibuch (HAB 1), 1st ed., 5th suppl. 1991. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag. 383–384.
  19. Ghiringhelli, C., F. Gregoratti, F. Marastoni. 1978. Attivita capillarotrop di antocianosidi and alto dosaggio nella stasi da flebopatia [Capillarotropic activity of anthocyanosides in high doses in phlebopathic statis]. Minerva Cardioangiol 26(4):255–276.
  20. Grieve, M. 1979. A Modern Herbal. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
  21. Hänsel, R., K. Keller, H. Rimpler, G. Schneider (eds.). 1992–1994. Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, 5th ed. Vol. 4–6. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
  22. Jayle, G.E. and L. Aubert. 1964. [Action des glucosides d'anthocyanes sur la vision scotopique et mesopique du sujet normal] [In French]. Therapie 19:171.
  23. Jayle, G.E. et al. 1965. [Study concerning the action of anthocyanoside extracts of Vaccinium Myrtillus on night vision] [In French]. Ann Ocul (Paris) 198(6):556–562.
  24. Lagrue, G. et al. 1979. Pathology of the microcirculation in diabetes and alterations of the biosynthesis of intracellular matrix molecules. Front Matrix Biol S Karger 7:324–325.
  25. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 84–85.
  26. Lietti, A., A. Cristoni, M. Picci. 1976. Studies on Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides. I. Vasoprotective and antiinflammatory activity. Arzneimforsch 26(5):829–832.
  27. Meyer-Buchtela, E. 1999. Tee-Rezepturen—Ein Handbuch für Apotheker und Ärzte. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  28. Morazzoni, P. and E. Bombardelli. 1996. Vaccinium myrtillus L. Fitoterapia 67(1):3–29.
  29. Neumann, L. 1971. Therapeutische Versuche mit Anthozyanosiden bei Langzeitbehandlungen in der Augenheilkunde [In German]. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 158:592–597.
  30. Österreichisches Arzneibuch, 1st suppl. (ÖAB). 1983. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.
  31. Österreichisches Arzneibuch (ÖAB). 1991. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.
  32. Pennarola, R. et al. 1980. The therapeutic action of the anthocyanosides in microcirculatory changes due to adhesive-induced polyneuritis. Gazz Med Ital 139:485–491.
  33. Perossini, M. et al. 1987. Diabetic and hypertensive retinopathy therapy with Vaccinium myrtillus anthocyanosides (Tegens): Double blind placebo controlled clinical trial. Ann Ottalmol Clin Ocul 113:1173.
  34. Pharmacopoeia Helvetica, 7th ed. Vol. 1–4. (Ph.Helv.VII). 1987. Bern: Office Central Fédéral des Imprimés et du Matériel.
  35. Pizzorno, J.E. and M.T. Murray. 1992. A Textbook of Natural Medicine. Seattle, WA: Bastyr University Publications.
  36. Politzer, M. 1977. [Experiences in the medical treatment of progressive myopia] [In German]. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 171(4):616–619.
  37. Regtop, H. 1998. Age related macular degeneration. Aust J Med Herbalism 10(2):38–45.
  38. Scharrer, A. and M. Ober. 1981. Anthocyanoside in der Behandlung von Retinopathien [Anthocyanosides in the treatment of retinopathies] [In German]. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 178(5):368–389.
  39. Sevin, R. and J.F. Cuendet. 1966. Effets d'une association d'anthocyanosides de myrtille et de beta-carotene sur la resistance capillaire des diabetiques [In French]. Ophthalmologica 152:109–117.
  40. Tyler, V.E. 1994. Herbs of Choice: The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals. New York: Pharmaceutical Products Press.
  41. Wichtl, M. and N.G. Bisset (eds.). 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers. 351–352.
  42. Wichtl, M. 1996. Monographien—Kommentar. In: Braun, R. et al. 1997. Standardzulassungen für Fertigarzneimittel—Text and Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  43. Zavarise, G. 1968. Sull'effetto del trattamento prolungato con antocianosidi sul senso luminoso [Effect of prolonged treatment with anthocyanosides on light senstivity]. Ann Ottalmol Clin Ocul 94(2):209–214.

Birch

  1. Tan Y, Yu R and Pezzutio J M, Betulinic acid - induced programmed cell death in human melanoma cells involves mitogen - activated protein kinase activation., Clin Cancer Res. 2003 J: 9 (7): 2866 - 75

Black Cohosh

  1. Beuscher, N. 1995. Cimicifuga racemosa L.—Black Cohosh. Z Phytotherapie 16:301–310.
  2. Bruneton, J. 1995. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing.
  3. Daiber, W. 1983. Climacteric Complaints: success without using hormones. Ärztliche Praxis 35:1946–1947.
  4. Duke, J.A. 1985. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs . Boca Raton: CRC Press. 120–121.
  5. Düker E-M, L. Kopanski, H. Jarry, W. Wuttke. 1991. Effects of extracts from Cimicifuga racemosa on gonadotropin release in menopausal women and ovariectomized rats. Planta Med 57:420–424.
  6. Einer-Jensen, N., J. Zhao, K.P. Andersen, K. Kristoffersen. 1996. Cimicifuga and Melbrosia lack oestrogenic effects in mice and rats. Maturitas 25:149–153.
  7. Farnsworth, N.R. 1999. Personal communication to Mark Blumenthal, May 24.
  8. Felter, H.W. 1922. The Eclectic Materia Medica, Pharmacology and Therapeutics. Cincinnati, OH: Eclectic Medical Publications.
  9. Foster, S. 1999. Black Cohosh, Cimicifuga racemosa —A Literature Review. HerbalGram 46:35–50.
  10. Genazzani, E. and L. Sorrentino. 1962. Vascular action of acteina: active constituent of Actaea racemosa L. Nature 194:544–545.
  11. Gruenwald, J. 1998. Standardized black cohosh (Cimicifuga ) extract clinical monograph. Quarterly Rev Nat Med Summer:117–125.
  12. Lehmann-Willenbrock, E. and H.-H. Riedel. 1988. Clinical and endocrinologic examinations concerning therapy of climacteric symptoms following hysterectomy with remaining ovaries. Zentralbl Gynakol 110:611–618.
  13. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  14. Liske, E. and P. Wüstenberg. 1999. Efficacy and safety of phytomedicines for gynecologic disorders with particular reference to Cimicifuga racemosa and Hypericum perforatum. 1st Asian-European Congress on Menopause. Bangkok, Thailand, Jan. 26–31.
  15. Liske, E. and P. Wüstenberg. 1998. Therapy of climacteric complaints with Cimicifuga racemosa: herbal medicine with clinically proven evidence. Menopause 5(4):250.
  16. Liske, E., P. Wüstenberg, N. Boblitz. 1998. Human-pharmacological investigations during treatment of climacteric complaints with Cimicifuga racemosa (Remifemin® ): No estrogen-like effects. 5th International ESCOP Symposium, London, Oct. 15–16.
  17. Murray, M. 1997. Remifemin: Answers to some common questions. Am J Nat Med 4(3):3–5.
  18. Pethö, A. 1987. Menopausal complaints: Change-over of a hormone treatment to a herbal gynecological remedy practicable? Ärztl Praxis 47:1551–1553.
  19. Snow, J.M. 1996. Cimicifuga racemosa (L.) Nutt. (Ranunculaceae). Protocol J Botanical Med 1(4):17–19.
  20. Stoll, W. 1987. Phytopharmacon influences atrophic vaginal epithelium: Double blind-study—cimicifuga vs. estrogenic substances. Therapeuticum 1:23–31.
  21. Stolze, H. 1982. An alternative to treat menopausal complaints. Gyne 1:14–16.
  22. Vorberg, G. 1984. Treatment of menopause symptoms—Successful hormone-free therapy with Remifemin® . ZFA 60:626–629.
  23. Warnecke, G. 1985. Influencing Menopausal Symptoms with a Phytotherapeutic Agent: Successful therapy with Cimicifuga mono-extract. Med Welt 36:871–874.
  24. Baillie, N. and P. Rasmussen. 1997. Black and blue cohosh in labour. N Z Med J 110(1036):20–21.
  25. British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP). 1983. Keighley: British Herbal Medicine Association.
  26. Foster, S. and J.A. Duke. 1990. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants: Eastern and Central North America . Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co.
  27. Jarry, H., G. Harnischfeger, E. Duker. 1985. Untersuchungen zur endokrinen wirksamkeit von inhaltsstoffen aus Cimicifuga racemosa 2. In-vitro- bindung von inhaltsstoffen an östrogenrezeptoren [The endocrine effects of constituents of Cimicifuga racemosa. 2. In vitro binding of constituents to estrogen receptors]. Planta Med (4):316–319.
  28. Lieberman, S. 1998. A review of the effectiveness of Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh) for the symptoms of monopause. J Womens Health 7(5):525–529.
  29. Liske, E. Therapeutic efficacy and safety of Cimicifuga racemosa for gynecological disorders. Adv Ther 15(1):45–53.
  30. McGuffin, M., C. Hobbs, R. Upton, A. Goldberg. 1997. American Herbal Product Association's Botanical Safety Handbook . Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  31. Resing, K. and A. Fitzgerald. 1978. Crystal data for 15-o- acetylacerinol and two related triterpenes isolated from Japanese Cimicifuga plants. J Appl Cryst (11):58.
  32. Wren, R.C. 1988. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Essex: The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd.

Boldo

  1. Backhouse, N. et al. 1994. Anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects of boldine. Agents Actions 42(3–4):114–117.
  2. Bastien, J.W. 1987. Healers of the Andes—Kallaway Herbalists and Their Medicinal Plants. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  3. Bruneton, J. 1995. Pharmacognosy, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants. Paris: Lavoisier Publishing.
  4. Gore, R. 1997. The most ancient Americans. National Geographic 192(4):98–99.
  5. Gotteland, M., J. Espinoza, B. Cassels, H. Speisky. 1995. [Effect of a dry boldo extract on oro-cecal intestinal transit in healthy volunteers] [In Spanish]. Rev Med Chil 123(8):955–960.
  6. Lanhers, M.C. et al. 1991. Hepatoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of a traditional medicinal plant of Chile, Peumus boldus . Planta Med 57(2):110–115.
  7. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  8. Montoya-Cabrera, M.A. et al. 1996. Fatal poisoning caused by oil of epazote, Chenopodium graveolens . Gac Med Mex 132(4):433–437.
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Bromelain

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Buckthorn

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Butcher's broom

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Camomile (German)

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Cascara Sagrada bark

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Catuaba Bark catuaba bark

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Cayenne

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  38. Wood, A.B. 1987. Determination of the pungent principles of chilies and ginger by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography with use of a single standard substance. Flavour Fragrance J 2:1–12.
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Chaste tree

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  2. Felter, H.W. and J.U. Lloyd. 1985. King's American Dispensatory, Vols. 1–2. Portland, OR: Eclectic Medical Publications [reprint of 1898 original].
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  4. Hobbs, C. and M. Blumenthal. 1999. Vitex agnus-castus: A Literature Review. HerbalGram 47 (in press).
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  10. Mills, S.Y. 1985. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. Wellingborough: Thorsons.
  11. Mühlenstedt, D., H.G. Bohnet, J.P. Hanker, H.P. Schneider. 1978. Short luteal phase and prolactin. Int J Fertil 23(3):213–218.
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  14. Schneider, H.P., H.G. Bohnet. 1981. [Hyperprolactinemic ovarian insufficiency] [In German]. Gynakologe 14(2):104–118.
  15. Schulz, V., R. Hänsel, V.E. Tyler. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians' Guide to Herbal Medicine. New York: Springer.
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Cinnamon

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Cola nut

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  7. Trindall, R. 1997. Ethnobotanical Leaflets: The Culture of Cola: Social and Economic Aspects of a West African Domesticate. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Herbarium.

Coriander

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Damiana Diamana

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Dandelion

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  32. Hänsel, R., M. Kartarahardja, J.T. Huang, F. Bohlmann. 1980. Sesquiterpenlacton-b -D-glucopyranoside sowie ein neues Eudesmanolid aus Taraxacum officinale. Phytochem 19:857–861.
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  38. Pirtkien, R., E. Surke, G. Seybold. 1960. Comparative studies on the choleretic action of various drugs in the rat. Med Welt 1417–1422.
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  41. Rácz-Kotilla, E., J. Bodon, Tölgyesi. 1978. Determination of the mineral content of 41 medicinal plant species by chemotaxonomical and biochemical observations. Herba Hung 17:43–54.
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  46. Vogel, H.H. and R. Schaette. 1977. Phytotherapeutische Reflexionen. Betrachtungen über Silybum marianum (Carduus marianus), Taraxacum officinale, Cichorium intybus, Bryonia alba et dioica, Viscum album und ihre Beziehungen zur Leber. Erfahrungsheilkunde 26:347–355.
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Devil's claw

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  15. Grahame, R. and B.V. Robinson. 1981. Devil's claw (Harpagophytum procumbens) : pharmacological and clinical studies. Ann Rheum Dis 40(6):632.
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  19. Occhiuto, F., C. Circosta, S. Ragusa, P. Ficarra, R. Costa de Pasquale. 1985. A drug used in traditional medicine: Harpagophytum procumbens DC. IV. Effects on some isolated muscle preparations. J Ethnopharmacol 13(2):201–208.
  20. Soulimani, R., C. Younos, F. Mortier, C. Derrieu. 1994. The role of stomachal digestion on the pharmacological activity of plant extracts, using as an example extracts of Harpagophytum procumbens. Can J Physiol Pharmacol 72(12):1532–1536.
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Echinacea

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Elder flower

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Eleuthero root

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Ephedra

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Eucalyptus

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Extensin

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Ginseng

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Fennel

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Fenugreek

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Flashtense Plus

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Flaxseed

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  35. Schilcher, H, V. Schulz, A. Nissler. 1986. Zur Wirksamkeit und Toxikologie von Semen Lini. Z Phytotherapie 7:113–117.
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Garlic

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Gentian

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Ginkgo biloba

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  59. Pincemail, J. and C. Deby. 1986. Proprietes antiradiclaites de l'extraite de Ginkgo biloba [Antiradical properties of Ginkgo biloba extract]. Presse Med 15(31):1475–1479.
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  61. Robben Batre, P. et al. 1996. Phase II study with 5-FU plus Gingko biloba extract (GBE 761 ONC) in 5-FU pretreated patients with advanced colorectal cancer. (Annual Congress of the German and the Austrian Society of Hematology) Ann Hematol 73(2):A73.
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Golden rod

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Green tea

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Hawthorn

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Hops

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Horehound

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Horse chestnut

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  16. Yoshikawa, M. et al. 1998. Bioactive saponins and glycosides. XII. Horse chestnut. (2): Structures of escins IIIb, IV, V and VI and isoescins Ia, Ib, and V, acylated polyhydroxyoleanene triterpene oligoglycosides, from the seeds of horse chestnut tree (Aesculus hippocastanum L., Hippocastanaceae). Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 46(11):1764–1769.
  17. Boiadzhiev, T. et al. 1973. Experimental studies on the action of total extracts of Aesculus hippocastanum L. (horse chestnut) on cellular respiration. Eksp Med Morfol 12(1):11–14.
  18. Chan, E.H. et al. (eds.). 1985. Advances in Chinese Medicinal Materials Research. Singapore: World Scientific Pub. Co.
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Horseradish

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Lily (white lily)

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Menthol

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Myriceline

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Olive leaf

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Horsetail

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Horny Goat Weed horny goat weed

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Iceland moss

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Ivy

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Juniper

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Kava Kava

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Lavender

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Lemon Balm

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Licorice

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Linden flower

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Maca root

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Maitake

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Marshmallow

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  9. Kantee, H. 1973. Althaea, ipecacuanha, senega ja thymus yskanlaakkeissa.[[Althaea, ipecac, senega and thyme as cough medicines] [In Finnish]. Sairaanhoitaja 49(5):32.
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  13. Pharmacopée Française Xe Édition (Ph.Fr.X.). 1983–1990. Moulins-les-Metz: Maisonneuve S.A.
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  15. Trease, G.E. and W.C. Evans. 1989. Trease and Evans' Pharmacognosy, 13th ed. London; Philadelphia: Baillière Tindall. 375.
  16. Wagner, H., S. Bladt, E.M. Zgainski. 1984. Plant Drug Analysis. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 163 et seq.
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  18. Wichtl, M. (ed.). 1997. Teedrogen, 4th ed. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.

Maté

  1. Barreto, R.C.R. 1956. Microbiological determination of choline in herba maté. Rev Quim Ind (Rio de Janeiro) 25(28):12.
  2. Bertoni, M.S. Medicina Guarani: CAP. XXI: Accion de la Yerba Maté. Civilizacion Guarani. Etnografia 462–490.
  3. British Pharmaceutical Codex (BPC). 1934. London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  4. Council of Europe. 1981. Flavouring Substances and Natural Sources of Flavourings, 3rd ed. Strasbourg: Maisonneuve.
  5. Der Marderosian, A. (ed.). 1999. The Review of Natural Products. St. Louis: Facts and Comparisons.
  6. Duke, J.A. 1985. Handbook of Medicinal Herbs. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  7. Fossati, C. 1976. Sulle virtu e sulle proprieta terapeutiche della "yerba-maté" [On the virtue and therapeutic properties of "yerba-maté"]. (Ilex paraguayensis o paraguariensis, St. Hilaire 1838). Clin Ter 78(3):265–272.
  8. Gosmann, G. and E.P. Schenkel. 1989. A new saponin from maté (Ilex paraguariensis) leaf and beverage. Food Chem 35(1):13–21.
  9. Gosmann, G., D. Guillaume, A.T. Taketa, E.P. Schenkel. 1995. Triterpenoid saponins from Ilex paraguariensis. J Nat Prod 58(3):438–441.
  10. Gugliucci, A. and A.J. Stahl. 1995. Low density lipoprotein oxidation is inhibited by extracts of Ilex paraguariensis. Biochem Mol Biol Int 35(1):47–56.
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  12. Lust, J.B. 1974. The Herb Book. Simi Valley, CA: Benedict Lust Publications. 229.
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  17. Pharmacopée Française Xe Édition (Ph.Fr.X.). 1983–1990. Moulins-les-Metz: Maisonneuve S.A.
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  19. Schenkel, E.P., J.A. Montanha, G. Gosmann. 1996. Triterpene saponins from maté, Ilex paraguariensis. Adv Exp Med Biol 405:47–56.
  20. Tenorio Sanz, M.D. and M.E. Torija Isasa. 1991. Elementos minerales en la yerba maté [Mineral elements in maté herb] (Ilex paraguariensis St. H.). Arch Latinoam Nutr 41(3):441–454.
  21. Valduga, E. 1995. Chemical and anatomic characterization of Ilex paraguariensis Saint Hilaire leaf and some species used in adulterating Yerba Maté. [Post-graduation thesis presented at the University of Paraná, Curitiba.]
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  24. Wagner, H., S. Bladt, E.M. Zgainski. 1984. Plant Drug Analysis. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 86.

Meadowsweet

  1. Barnaulov, O.D. and P.P. Denisenko. 1980. [Antiulcerogenic action of a decoction from flowers of Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim] [In Russian]. Farmakol Toksikol (Moscow) 43(6):700–705.
  2. Csedö, K. et al. 1993. The antibiotic activity of Filipendula ulmaria . Planta Med 59(7):A675.
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  4. Hörhammer, L., R. Hänsel, W. Endres. 1956. Über die Flavonglykoside der Gattungen Filipendula und Spiraea . Arch Pharm (Weinheim) 289(61):133–140.
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  8. Wichtl, M. (ed.). 1997. Teedrogen, 4th ed. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.
  9. Yanutsh, A.Y. et al. 1982. A study of the antiulcerative action of the extracts from the supernatant part and roots of Filipendula ulmaria . Farm Zh (Kiev) 37:53–56.

Milk Thistle

  1. Albrecht, M. et al. 1992. Therapy of toxic liver pathologies with Legalon® . Z Klin Med 47:87–92.Bindoli, A., L. Cavallini, N. Siliprandi. 1977.
  2. Inhibitory action of silymarin of lipid peroxide formation in the rat liver mitochondria and microsomes. Biochem Pharmacol 26(24):2405–2409.
  3. Campos, R., A. Garrido, R. Guerra, A. Valenzuela. 1989. Silybin dihemisuccinate protects against glutathione depletion and lipid peroxidation induced by acetaminophen on rat liver. Planta Med 55(5):417–419.
  4. Foster, S. 1995. Milk Thistle Bibliography and Abstracts . Austin, TX: American Botanical Council.
  5. Hikino, H., Y. Kiso, H. Wagner, M. Fiebig. 1984. Antihepatotoxic actions of flavonolignans from Silybum marianum fruits. Planta Med 50(3):248–250.
  6. Kiesewetter, E., I. Leodolter, H. Thaler. 1977. [Results of two double-blind studies on the effect of silymarin in chronic hepatitis] [In German]. Leber Magen Darm 7(5):318–323.
  7. Krecman, V., N. Skottova, D. Walterova, J. Ulrichova, V. Simanek. 1998. Silymarin inhibits the development of diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Planta Med 64(2):138–142.
  8. McGuffin, M., C. Hobbs, R. Upton, A. Goldberg. 1997. American Herbal Product Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  9. Mourelle, M., P. Muriel, L. Favari, T. Franco. 1989. Prevention of CC14-induced liver cirrhosis by silymarin. Fundam Clin Pharm 3(3):183–191.
  10. Plomteux, G. et al. 1977. Hepatoprotector action of silymarin in human acute viral hepatitis. Int Res Commun Syst 5.
  11. Saba, P. et al. 1976. Effetti terapeutica della silimarina nelle epatopatie croniche indotte da psicofarmaci. Gaz Med Ital 135:236–251.
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  17. Wang, M. et al. 1996. Hepatoprotective properties of Silybum marianum herbal preparation on ethanol-induced liver damage. Fitoterapia 67(2):166–171.

Mint

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  2. Dost, F.H. and B. Leiber (eds.). 1967. Menthol and Menthol-containing External Remedies. Use, Mode of Effect and Tolerance in Children. Stuttgart: George Thieme Verlag.
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  6. Jiangsu Institute of Modern Medicine. 1977. Zhong Yao Da Ci Dian (Encyclopedia of Chinese Materia Medica), Vols. 1–3. Shanghai: Shanghai Scientific and Technical Publications.
  7. Lombard, A., M.L. Tourn, M. Buffa. 1977. In situ reactions on silica gel thin layers in studies on plant oligosaccharides. J Chromatogr 134(1):242–245.
  8. Morton, J.F. 1977. Major Medicinal Plants: Botany, Culture and Uses. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.
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  10. NF T 75-306. Dec. 1985. [The French standard for cornmint oil].
  11. Nigam, I.C. and L. Levi. 1964. Essential oils and their constituents. XX. Detection and estimation of menthofuran in Mentha arvensis and other mint species by coupled gas-liquid-thin-layer chromatography. J Pharm Sci 53:1008–1013.
  12. van Os, F.H. and D. Smith. 1970. De vluchtige olie van Mentha arvensis L. subsp. austriaca (Jacquin) Briquet [The essential oil of Mentha arvensis L. subsp. austriaca (Jaquin) Briquet]. Pharm Weekbl 105(44):1273–1276.
  13. Panadero, M. 1959. [Study of Japanese mint cultivated in Spain] Farmacognosia 19:225–253.
  14. Poetsch, C.E. 1967. Brief history of topical rub therapy. In: Dost, F.H. and B. Leiber (eds.). Menthol and Menthol-containing External Remedies. Stuttgart: George Thieme Verlag.

Motherwort

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  4. Nahrstedt, A. 1985. Drogen und Phytopharmaka mit sedierender Wirkung. Z Phytotherapie (6):101–109.
  5. Reuter, G. and H.J. Diehl. 1970. Arzneipflanzen der gattung Leonurus und ihre wirkstoffe [Medicinal plants of species Leonurus and their active substances]. Pharmazie 25(10):586–589.
  6. Schultz, O.E. and M. Alhyane. 1973. Inhaltsstoffe von Leonurus cardiaca L. Sci Pharm (41):149–155.
  7. State Pharmacopoeia of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 10th ed. 1973. [English edition]. Moscow: Ministry of Health of the U.S.S.R.
  8. Yeung, H.W. et al. 1977. The structure and biological effect of leonurine. A uterotonic principle from the Chinese drug, I-mu Ts'ao. Planta Med 31(1):51–56.

Mullein

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  4. Österreichisches Arzneibuch, 1st suppl. (ÖAB). 1981–1983. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.

Myrrh

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  25. Taber, C.W. 1962. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company. M–65.
  26. Tsarong, T.J. 1986. Handbook of Traditional Tibet Drugs—Their Nomenclature, Composition, Use, and Dosage . Kalimpong, India: Tibetan Medical Publications. 4–5.
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  29. Wilford, J.N. 1997. Ruins in Yemeni Desert Mark Route of Frankincense Trade. New York Times. Jan. 28:B1, B10.
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  33. Pharmacopoeia Helvetica, 7th ed. Vol. 1–4. (Ph.Helv.VII). 1987. Bern: Office Central Fédéral des Imprimés et du Matériel.

Oak

  1. Molochko, V.A., T.M. Lastochkina, I.A. Krylov, K.A. Brangulis. 1990. [The antistaphylococcal properties of plant extracts in relation to their prospective use as therapeutic and prophylactic formulations for the skin] [In Russian]. Vestn Dermatol Venerol (8):54–56.
  2. Stecher, P.G. (ed.). 1968. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals and Drugs, 8th ed. Rahway, N.J.: Merck & Co., Inc.
  3. Weiss, R.F. 1988. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers.
  4. Wichtl, M. and N.G. Bisset (eds.). 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers.
  5. Deutscher Arzneimittel-Codex (DAC). 1986. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
  6. Maharaj, I., K.J. Froh, J.B. Campbell. 1986. Immune responses of mice to inactivated rabies vaccine administered orally: potentiation by Quillaja saponin. Can J Microbiol 32(5):414–420.
  7. McGuffin, M., C. Hobbs, R. Upton, A. Goldberg. 1997. American Herbal Product Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  8. Oakenfull, D. 1986. Aggregation of saponins and bile acids in aqueous solution. Aust J Ch em 39(10):1671–1683.
  9. Österreichisches Arzneibuch, Vols. 1–2, 1st suppl. (ÖAB). 1981–1983. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.
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  11. Rao, A.V. and C.W. Kendall. 1986. Dietary saponins and serum lipids. Food Chem Toxicol 24(5):441.
  12. Scott, M.T., M. Goss-Sampson, R. Bomford. 1985. Adjuvant activity of saponin: antigen localization studies. Int Arch Allergy Appl Immunol 77(4):409–412.
  13. Sidhu, G.S. and D.G. Oakenfull. 1986. A mechanism for the hypocholesterolemic activity of saponins. Br J Nutr 55(3):643–649.
  14. Tyler, V.E. 1994. Herbs of Choice: The Therapeutic Use of Phytomedicinals. New York: Pharmaceutical Products Press.

Oat

  1. Connor, J., T. Connor, P.B. Marshall, A. Reid, M.J. Turnbull. 1975. The pharmacology of Avena sativa. J Pharm Pharmacol 27(2):92–98.
  2. Estrada, A. et al. 1997. Immunomodulatory activities of oat beta-glucan in vitro and in vivo. Microbiol Immunol 41(12):991–998.
  3. Fukushima, M., S. Watanabe, K. Kushima. 1976. Extraction and purification of a substance with luteinizing hormone releasing activity from the leaves of Avena sativa. Tohoku J Exp Med 119(2):115–122.
  4. Mills, S.Y. 1988. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. New York: MJF Books.
  5. Schmidt, K. and K. Geckeler. 1976. Pharmacotherapy with Avena sativa —a double blind study. Int J Clin Pharmacol Biopharm 14(3):214–216.
  6. Wichtl, M. and N.G. Bisset (eds.). 1994. Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers.
  7. Anand, C.L. 1971. Effect of Avena sativa on cigarette smoking. Nature 233(5320):496.
  8. Grieve, M. 1979. A Modern Herbal. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.

Onion

  1. Augusti, K.T., M.E. Benaim, H.A. Dewar, R. Virden. 1975. Partial identification of the fibrinolytic activators in onion. Atherosclerosis 21(3):409–416.
  2. Dorant, E., P.A. van den Brandt, R.A. Goldbohm, F. Sturmans. 1996. Consumption of onions and a reduced risk of stomach carcinoma. Gastroenterology 110(1):12–20.
  3. Felter, H.W. and J.U. Lloyd. 1985. King's American Dispensatory, Vols. 1–2. Portland, OR: Eclectic Medical Publications [reprint of 1898 original]. 146.
  4. Fleming, T. (ed.). 1998. PDR® for Herbal Medicines. Montvale, N.J.: Medical Economics Company, Inc.
  5. Goldman, I.L. M. Kopelberg, J.E. Debaene, B.S. Schwartz. 1996. Antiplatelet activity in onion (Allium cepa ) is sulfur dependent. Thromb Haemost 76(3):450–452.
  6. The Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States (HPUS) Revision Service Official Compendium. 1992. Fairfax, VA: Pharmacopoeia Convention of the American Institute of Homeopathy.
  7. Jain, R.C. 1971. Effect of butter fat and onion on coagulability of blood. Indian J Med Sci 25(9):598–600.
  8. Jain, R.C., K.N. Sachdev, S.S. Kaushal. 1973. Effect of onion ingestion on serum triglyceride, betalipoprotein-cholesterol and phospholipids in alimentary lipaemia. J Assoc Physicians India 21(4):357–360.
  9. Kapoor, L.D. 1990. Handbook of Ayurvedic Medicinal Plants. Boca Raton: CRC Press. 25.
  10. Kim, J.H. 1997. Anti-bacterial action of onion (Allium cepa L.) extracts against oral pathogenic bacteria. J Nihon Univ Sch Dent 39(3):136–141.
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  12. Louria, D.B. et al. 1985. Onion extract in treatment of hypertension and hyperlipidemia: A preliminary communication. Curr Ther Res 37(1):127–131.
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  14. Makheja, A.N., J.Y. Vanderhoek, J.M. Bailey. 1979. Effects of onion (Allium cepa ) extract on platelet aggregation and thromboxane synthesis. Prostaglandins Med 2(6):413–424.
  15. Nadkarni, K.M. 1976. Indian Materia Medica. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. 63–64.
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  18. Sebastian, K.L., N.T. Zacharias, B. Philip, K.T. Augusti. 1979. The hypolipidemic effect of onion (Allium cepa Linn) in sucrose fed rabbits. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol 23(1):27–30.
  19. Srivastava, K.C. 1984. Aqueous extracts of onion, garlic and ginger inhibit platelet aggregation and alter arachidonic acid metabolism. Biomed Biochim Acta 43(8–9):S335–S346.
  20. Taber, C.W. 1962. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 9th ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company. O–9.
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  22. World Health Organization (WHO). 1999. "Allii cepae bulbus." WHO Monographs on Selected Medicinal Plants, Vol. 1. Geneva: World Health Organization. 5–15.
  23. You, W.C. et al. 1989. Allium vegetables and reduced risk of stomach cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 81(2):162–164.
  24. You, W.C. 1988. [A study on the relationship between consumption of Allium vegetables and gastric cancer] [In Chinese]. Chung Hua Yu Fang I Hsueh Tsa Chih 22(6):321–323.
  25. Augusti, K.T. 1996. Therapeutic values of onion (Allium cepa L.) and garlic (Allium sativum L.). Indian J Exp Biol 34(7):634–640.
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  27. Navarro, J.A. et al. 1995. Allium cepa seeds: a new occupational allergen. J Allergy Clin Immunol 96(5 Pt 1):690–693.
  28. Zohri, A.N., K. Abdel-Gawad, S. Saber. 1995. Antibacterial, antidermatophytic and antitoxigenic activities of onion (Allium cepa L.) oil. Microbiol Res 150(2):167–172.

Orange peel, bitter

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Parsley

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Passionflower

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Peppermint

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Pine

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Plantain

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Poplar

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  11. Mills, S.Y. 1985. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. Wellingborough: Thorsons.
  12. Papay, V. et al. 1986. Isolated compounds from Hungarian propolis and Populi gemma. Studies in Organic Chemistry (23):233–240.
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  14. Wren, R.C. 1988. Potter's New Cyclopaedia of Botanical Drugs and Preparations. Essex: The C.W. Daniel Company Ltd.

Psyllium

  1. Anderson, J.W. et al. 1988. Cholesterol-lowering effects of psyllium hydrophilic mucilloid for hypercholesterolemic men. Arch Intern Med 148(2):292–296.
  2. Bell, L.P., K. Hectorne, H. Reynolds, T.K. Balm, D.B. Hunninghake. 1989. Cholesterol-lowering effects of psyllium hydrophilic mucilloid. Adjunct therapy to a prudent diet for patients with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia. JAMA 261(23):3419–3423.
  3. Bradley, P.R. (ed.). 1992. British Herbal Compendium, Vol. 1. Bournemouth: British Herbal Medicine Association.
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  15. Fernandez-Banares, F. et al. 1999. Randomized clinical trial of Plantago ovata seeds (dietary fiber) as compared with mesalamine in maintaining remission in ulcerative colitis—Spanish Group for the Study of Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (GETECCU). Am J Gastroenterol 94(2):427–433.
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  25. Nadkarni, K.M. 1976. Indian Materia Medica. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. 960–967.
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  29. Schectman, G., J. Hiatt, A. Hartz. 1993. Evaluation of the effectiveness of lipid-lowering therapy (bile acid sequestrants, niacin, psyllium and lovastatin) for treating hypercholesterolemia in veterans. Am J Cardiol 71(10):759–765.
  30. Schilcher, H. 1997. Phytotherapy in Paediatrics: Handbook for Physicians and Pharmacists. Stuttgart: Medpharm Scientific Publishers. 52–53.
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  44. Frati-Munari, A.C., M.A. Flores-Garduno, R. Ariza-Andraca, S. Islas-Andrade, A. Chavez Negrete. 1989. Efecto de diferentes dosis de mucilago de Plantago psyllium en la prueba de tolerancia a la glucosa [Effect of different doses of Plantago psyllium mucilage on the glucose tolerance test]. Arch Invest Med (Mex) 20(2):147–152.
  45. Hamouz, W. 1984. Therapy of acute and chronic diarrhoea with Agiocur. Med Klin (79):32–33.
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  48. Karawya, M.S., S.I. Balbaa, M.S. Afifi. 1971. Investigation of the carbohydrate contents of certain mucilaginous plants. Planta Med 20(1):14–23.
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  50. Kies, C. 1983. In: Furda, I. (ed.). Unconventional sources of dietary fiber. Physiological and in vitro functional properties. ACS Symposium Series 214. Washington DC: American Chemical Society.
  51. Kovar, F. 1983. Was tun bei akuter, nicht bacteriell bedingter diarrhö? Symptomatische behandlung mit einem quellmittel verringert rasch die stuhlfrequenz, ohne die toxin-elimination zu stören [In German]. Artzl Praxis (35):1498.
  52. Leng-Peschlow, E. 1991. Plantago ovata seeds as dietary fibre supplement: physiological and metabolic effects in rats. Br J Nutr 66(2):331–349.
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Pumpkin seed

  1. Bombardelli, E. and P. Morazzoni. 1997. Curcubita pepo L. Fitoterapia 68(4).
  2. Braun, R. et al. 1997. Standardzulassungen für Fertigarzneimittel—Text and Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
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  11. Schulz, V., R. Hänsel, V.E. Tyler. 1998. Rational Phytotherapy: A Physicians' Guide to Herbal Medicine. New York: Springer.
  12. Suphakarn, V.S., C. Yarnnon, P. Ngunboonsri. 1987. The effect of pumpkin seeds on oxalcrystalluria and urinary compositions of children in hyperendemic area. Am J Clin Nutr 45(1):115–121.
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  14. Weiss, R.F. 1988. Herbal Medicine. Beaconsfield, England: Beaconsfield Publishers.
  15. Braun, R. et al. 1997. Standardzulassungen für Fertigarzneimittel—Text and Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
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  17. Polanowski A, et al. 1987. Protein inhibitors of trypsin from the seeds of Cucurbitaceae plants. Acta Biochim Pol 34(4):395–406.
  18. Weidhase, R.A. and B. Parthier. 1983. Peptide hydrolase activities in seedlings and hormone-treated cotyledons of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo ). Biomed Biochim Acta 42(7–8):897–906.

Reishi

  1. Chang, H. M. and P. P. H. But, “Pharmacology and Applications of Chinese Materia Medica, vol. 1 (Singapore: World Scientific Company 1987) 144-146.
  2. Haak-Frendscho, M., K. Kino, T. Sone et al. “Ling Zhi-8: A Novel T-Cell Mitogen Induces Cytokine Production and Upregulation of ICAM-1 Expression” Cellular Immunology 150(1) 1993; 101-113.
  3. Hobbs, Christopher and Michael Miovic ed. Medical Mushrooms: AN Exploration of Tradition, Healing and Culture, 2nd ed. (Santa Cruz: Botanical Press) 1995. p.104.
  4. Kohda, H., W. Tokumoto, K. Sakamoto, et al. “The Biologically Active Constituents of Ganoderma Lucidum (Fr.) Karst. Histamine Release-Inhibitory Triterpenes”, Chemical Pharmacy Bulletin 33 (1985) 1367-1374.
  5. Lei, L and Z. Lin, “Effect of Ganoderma Polysaccharides on the Activity of DNA Polymerase in Spleen Cells Stimulated by Alloantigens in Mice in Vitro” Beijing Yike Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Beijing Medical University] 23 (1991) 329 –333.
  6. Matsumoto, K-Osai, The Mysterious Reishi Mushroom (Santa Barbara: Woodbridge Press 1979).
  7. Toth, J. O., et al., “Les Acides Ganoderques T a Z: Triteroenes Cytotoxique de Ganoderma lucidum (Polyporacee) Thetracedron letters 24 (1983) 1081- 1084.
  8. Zhang, L. X., H. Mong and X. B. Zhou, “Effect of Japanese Ganoderma Lucidum (GL) Planted in Japan on the Production of Interleukin-2 from Murine Splenocytes”, Chung_kuo Chung His I Chieh Ho Tsa Chih [Chinese Journal of Modern Developments in Traditional Medicine] 10(11) 1993; 672-674.

Sage

  1. ESCOP. 1997. "Salviae folium." Monographs on the Medicinal Uses of Plant Drugs . Exeter, U.K.: European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy.
  2. Grieve, M. 1979. A Modern Herbal. New York: Dover Publications, Inc.
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  7. Nadkarni, K.M. 1976. Indian Materia Medica. Bombay: Popular Prakashan. 1094–1095.
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  9. Österreichisches Arzneibuch, 1st suppl. (ÖAB). 1981–1983. Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Staatsdruckerei.
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  12. Rösing, S. 1989. Sweatosan-Studie: Untersuchungsbericht. Äquivalenz der Wirksamkeit und Vergleich der Verträglichkeit von Sweatosan und Salbeitee bei Patienten mit idiopathischer Hyperhidrosis in der dermatologischen Poliklinik. Zyma (unpublished).
  13. Braun, R. et al. 1997. Standardzulassungen für Fertigarzneimittel—Text and Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutscher Apotheker Verlag.
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  15. Council of Europe. 1989. Plant Preparations Used as Ingredients of Cosmetic Products , 1st ed. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
  16. Derbentseva, N.A, S.A. Matveenko, TIa. Omelchuk. 1965. Antymikrobna aktyvnist' preparativ z deiakykh vydiv shavlii [Antimicrobic activity of preparations from some sage species]. Mikrobiol Zh 27(3):76–80.
  17. Food Chemicals Codex, 2nd ed. (FCC II). 1972. Washington, D.C.: National Academy of Sciences.
  18. Hartke, K., H. Hartke, E. Mutschler, G. Rücker, M. Wichtl (eds.). DAB 10—Kommentar. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.
  19. Marchenko, A.I., V.N. Pinchuk, I.V. Shvets. 1978. Primenenie mazi iz shalfeia pri lechenii treshchin guby [Use of a sage ointment in treating cracked lips]. Stomatologiia (Mosk) 57(1):86–87.
  20. Reynolds, J.E.F. (ed.). 1993. Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed. London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  21. Steinegger, E. and R. Hänsel. 1992. Pharmakognosie, 5th ed. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 343–345.
  22. Taddei, I., D. Giachetti, E. Taddei, P. Mantovani, E. Bianchi. 1988. Spasmolytic activity of peppermint, sage and rosemary essences and their major constituents. Fitoterapia 59:463–468.
  23. Takacsova, M., A. Pribela, M. Faktorova. 1995. Study of the antioxidative effects of thyme, sage, juniper and oregano. Nahrung 39(3):241–243.
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  25. Tucakov, J. and M. Mihajlov. 1977. Prilog uporednom farmakognozijskom proucavanju pelima (Salvia officinalis L.) U Pastrovicima [Comparative pharmacognostic studies on sage officinalis (Salvia officinalis L.) of Pastrovici]. Glas Srp Akad Nauka [Med] (27):47–60.
  26. Tucker, A.O. et al. 1980. Botanical aspects of commercial sage. Economic Bot 34:16–19.
  27. Van Hellemont, J. 1988. Fytotherapeutisch Compendium, 2nd ed. Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema. 539–541.
  28. Vion Dury, J., M.D. Steinmetz, G. Jadot, Y. Millet. 1986. Effets de l'essence de sauge sur le seuil epileptogene et l'embrasement amygdalien chez le rat. Rapport preliminaire [Effects of sage essence on the epileptogenic threshold and amygdaloid body in the rat. Preliminary report] J Toxicol Clin Exp 6(1):29–31.
  29. Weiss, R.F. 1991. Lehrbuch der Phytotherapie, 7th ed. Stuttgart: Hippokrates Verlag. 296–297.

Saw Palmetto

  1. Bach, D, M. Schmitt, L. Ebeling. 1997. Phytopharmaceutical and synthetic agents in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Phytomedicine 3(4):309–313.
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  21. Moerman, D.E. 1998. Native American Ethnobotany . Portland, OR: Timber Press, Inc. 527–528.
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  30. Wood, H.C. and A. Osol. 1943. United States Dispensatory , 23rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott. 971–972.
  31. Ziegler, H. and U. Holscher. 1998. Efficacy of saw palmetto fruit special extract WS 1473 in patients with Alken stage I–II benign prostatic hyperplasia—open mulitcentre study. Jatros Uro 14(3):34–43.
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  34. Braeckman, J., J. Bruhwyler, K. Vandekerckhove, J. Geczy. 1997. Efficacy and safety of the extract of Serenoa repens in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia: Therapeutic equivalence between twice and once daily dosage forms. Phytother Res 11:558–563.
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Senna

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Shepherd's Purse

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Shiitake

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Soy

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St. John's wort

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Stinging Nettle

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Thyme

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Turmeric

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Usnea

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Uva Ursi

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Valerian

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Walnut

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Watercress

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Willow bark

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  20. Deutsches Arzneibuch, 10th ed. Vol. 1–6. (DAB 10). 1991. Kommentar. Stuttgart: Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft.
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Witch Hazel

  1. Bernard, P., A. Bovis, G. Balansard. 1971. L'essai chromatographique des preparations galeniques a base de feuilles d'Hamamelis [Chromatographic assay of galenic preparations from Hamamelis leaves]. J Pharm Belg 26(6):661–668.
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  4. Bown, D. 1995. Encyclopedia of Herbs and Their Uses . New York: DK Publishing, Inc. 291.
  5. Council of Europe. 1989. Plant Preparations Used as Ingredients of Cosmetic Products , 1st ed. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
  6. Duke, J.A. 1997. The Green Pharmacy . Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press.
  7. Erdelmeier, C.A.J. et al. 1996. Antiviral and antiphlogistic activities of Hamamelis virginiana bark. Planta Med 62(3):241–245.
  8. Hartisch, C., H. Kolodziej, F. von Bruchhausen. 1997. Dual inhibitory activities of tannins from Hamamelis virginiana and related polyphenols on 5-lipoxygenase and lyso-PAF: acetyl-CoA-acetyltransferase. Planta Med 63(2):106–110.
  9. Hörmann, H.P. and H.C. Korting. 1994. Evidence for the efficacy and safety of topical herbal drugs in dermatology: Part 1: Anti-inflammatory agents. Phytomed 1:161–171.
  10. Khory, R.N. and N.N. Katrak. 1985. Materia Medica of India and Their Therapeutics . Delhi: Neeraj Publishing House.
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  12. Lloyd and Lloyd. 1935. History of Hamamelis extract and distillate. J Am Pharm Assoc 24:220.
  13. Madaus, G. 1979. Lehrbuch der biologischen Heilmittel , Vols. 1–3. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
  14. Malhotra, S.C. 1990. Phytochemical Investigations of Certain Medicinal Plants Used in Ayurveda . New Delhi: CCRA & S, Government of India.
  15. Newall, C.A., L.A. Anderson, J.D. Phillipson. 1996. Herbal Medicines: A Guide for Health-Care Professionals . London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  16. Pharmacopée Française Xe Édition (Ph.Fr.X.). 1983–1990. Moulins-les-Metz: Maisonneuve S.A.
  17. Pharmacopoeia Helvetica, 7th ed. (Ph.Helv.VII), Vol. 1–4. 1987. Bern: Office Central Fédéral des Imprimés et du Matériel.
  18. Reynolds, J.E.F. (ed.). 1993. Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia , 30th ed. London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  19. Sorkin, B. 1980. Hametum-Salbe, eine kortikoidfreie antiinflammatorische Salbe. Phys Med Rehab 21:53–57.
  20. Steinegger, E. and R. Hänsel. 1992. Pharmakognosie, 5th ed. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
  21. Van Hellemont, J. 1988. Fytotherapeutisch Compendium , 2nd ed. Utrecht: Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema. 284–286.

Yarrow

  1. Chandler, R.F., S.N. Hooper, M.J. Harvery. 1982. Ethnobotany and Phytochemistry of Yarrow, Achillea millefolium, Compositae. Economic Botany 36:203–223.
  2. Coffin, A.I. 1852. A Botanic Guide to Health and the Natural Pathology of Disease. London: British Medico-Botanic Establishment. 88–89.
  3. Council of Europe. 1989. Plant Preparations Used as Ingredients of Cosmetic Products, 1st ed. Strasbourg: Council of Europe.
  4. Czygan, F.C. 1994. Schafgarbe: Alte Heilpflanze neu Untersucht. PZ 139(6):439.
  5. Direction de la Pharmacie et du Médicament (DPM). 1992. Achillée millefeuille, sommité fleurie. Bulletin Officiel No. 92/11 bis. [English edition]. Paris: Direction des Journaux Officiels.
  6. Goldberg, A.S., E.C. Mueller, E. Eigen, S.J. Desalva. 1969. Isolation of the anti-inflammatory principles from Achillea millefolium (Compositae). J Pharm Sci 58(8):938–941.
  7. Goldberg, A.S. et al. 1970. U.S. Patent 3,552,350; through Chem Abstr 73:102048w.
  8. Hänsel, R., K. Keller, H. Rimpler, G. Schneider (eds.). 1992. Hagers Handbuch der Pharmazeutischen Praxis, 5th ed. Vol. 4. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 45–54.
  9. Krivenko, V.V., G.P. Potebnia, V.V. Loiko. 1989. Opyt lecheniia nekotorykh zabolevanii organov pishchevareniia lekarstvennymi rasteniiami [Experience in treating digestive organ diseases with medicinal plants]. Vrach Delo (3):76–78.
  10. Madaus, G. 1979. Lehrbuch der Biologischen Heilmittel, Vols. 1–3. Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag.
  11. Mascolo, N. et al. 1987. Biological screening of Italian medicinal plants for anti-inflammatory activity. Phytother Res 1:28–31.
  12. Reynolds, J.E.F. (ed.). 1993. Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed. London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  13. Shipochliev, T. and G. Fournadjiev. 1984. Spectrum of the anti-inflammatory effect of Arctostaphylos uva ursi and Achillea millefolium L. Probl Vutr Med 12:99–107.
  14. Spaich, W. 1977. Moderne Phytotherapie. Heidelberg: Haug Verlag.
  15. Steinegger, E. and R. Hänsel. 1988. Lehrbuch der Pharmakognosie und Phytopharmazie, 4th ed. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 317–319.
  16. Tewari, J.P., M.C. Srivastava, J.L. Bajpai.1974. Phytopharmacologic studies of Achillea millefolium Linn. Indian J Med Sci 28(8):331–336.

Yeast, Brewer's

  1. Bleichner, G., H. Blehaut, H. Mentec, D. Moyse. 1997. Saccharomyces boulardii prevents diarrhea in critically ill tube-fed patients. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Intensive Care Med 23(5):517–523.
  2. Bogye, G., G. Alfthan, T. Machay. 1998. Randomized clinical trial of enteral yeast-selenium supplementation in preterm infants. Biofactors 8(1–2):139–142.
  3. Budavari, S. (ed.). 1996. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 12th ed. Whitehouse Station, N.J.: Merck & Co, Inc. 1726.
  4. Facchinetti, F. et al. 1997. Effects of a yeast-based dietary supplementation on premenstrual syndrome. A double-blind placebo-controlled study. Gynecol Obstet Invest 43(2):120–124.
  5. Lewis, S.J., L.F. Potts, R.E. Barry. 1998. The lack of therapeutic effect of Saccharomyces boulardii in the prevention of antibiotic-related diarrhoea in elderly patients. J Infect 36(2):171–174.
  6. McFarland, L.V. et al. 1995. Prevention of beta-lactam-associated diarrhea by Saccharomyces boulardii compared with placebo. Am J Gastroenterol 90(3):439–448.
  7. McFarland, L.V. et al. 1994. A randomized placebo-controlled trial of Saccharomyces boulardii in combination with standard antibiotics for Clostridium difficile disease. JAMA 271(24):1913–1918.
  8. Muller, J., N. Remus, K.H. Harms. 1995. Mycoserological study of the treatment of paediatric cystic fibrosis patients with Saccharomyces boulardii (Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen CBS 5926). Mycoses 38(3–4):119–123.
  9. Nadkarni, K.M. 1976. Indian Materia Medica. Bombay: Popular Prakashan.
  10. Taber, C.W. 1962. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 9th ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company. T22–T23.
  11. Tu, G. (ed.). 1992. Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (English Edition 1992). Beijing: Guangdong Science and Technology Press. 813.
  12. U.S.A. Dept. of Health and Human Services: Food and Drug Administration. 1998. Code of Federal Regulations 21 (CFR 21). Parts 172.896 and 172.898. Washington, D.C.: Office of the Federal Register National Archives and Records Administration. 109–110.
  13. Weber, G., A. Adamczyk, S. Freytag. 1989. [Treatment of acne with a yeast preparation] [In German]. Fortschr Med 107(26):563–566.
  14. Andre, F.E. and A. Safary. 1987. Summary of clinical findings on Engerix-B, a genetically engineered yeast derived hepatitis B vaccine. Postgrad Med J 63(2):169–177.
  15. Bizeau, C., P. Galzy, M. Bastide, J.M. Bastide. 1974. [Immunofluorescent study of morphologic mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen] [In French]. C R Acad Sci Hebd Seances Acad Sci D 279(25):1955–1958.
  16. Böckeler, W. and G. Thomas. 1989. In-vitro-Studien zur destabilisierenden Wirkung lyophilisierter Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen CBS 5926-Zellen auf Engerobakterien. Lässt sich diese Eigenschaft biochemisch erklären? In: Müller, J., R. Ottenjann, J. Seifert (eds.). Ökosystem Darm. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag. 142–153.
  17. Chavanet, P. et al. 1994. Cross-sectional study of the susceptibility of Candida isolates to antifungal drugs and in vitro-in vivo correlation in HIV-infected patients. AIDS 8(7):945–950.
  18. Gedek, B. and G. Hagenhoff. 1989. Orale Verabreichung von lebensfähigen Zellen des Hefestammes Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen CBS 5926 und deren Schicksal während der Magen-Darm-Passage. Therapiewoche (38):33–40.
  19. McCullough, M.J., K.V. Clemons, J.H. McCusker, D.A. Stevens. 1998. Species identification and virulence attributes of Saccharomyces boulardii (nom. inval.) J Clin Microbiol 36(9):2613–2617.
  20. Oblack, D.L. et al. 1981. Clinical evaluation of the AutoMicrobic system Yeast Biochemical Card for rapid identification of medically important yeasts. J Clin Microbiol 13(2):351–355.
  21. Petzoldt, K. and E. Muller. 1986. [Animal experiment and cell biology study of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Hansen CBS 5926 in the non-specific enhancement of resistance to infection] [In German]. Arzneimforsch 36(7):1085–1088.
  22. Pfaller, M.A. et al. 1994. Selection of candidate quality control isolates and tentative quality control ranges for in vitro susceptibility testing of yeast isolates by National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards proposed standard methods. J Clin Microbiol 32(7):1650–1653.
  23. Plein, K. and J. Hotz. 1993. Therapeutic effects of Saccharomyces boulardii on mild residual symptoms in a stable phase of Crohn's disease with special respect to chronic diarrhea—a pilot study. Z Gastroenterol 31(2):129–134.
  24. Sinai, Y. et al. 1974. Enhancement of resistance to infectious disease by oral administration of brewer's yeast. Infection Immunol (9):781–787.
  25. Surawicz, C.M. et al. 1989. Die prophylaxe antibiotika-assoziierter diarrhoen mit Saccharomyces boulardii . eine prospektive studie [Prevention of antibiotic-associated diarrhea by Saccharomyces boulardii : a prospective study]. Gastroenterol 96(4):981–988.

Yohimbe

  1. Betz, J.M., K.D. White, A. Der Marderosian. 1995. Gas chromatographic determination of yohimbine in commercial yohimbe products. J AOAC Int 78(5):1189–1194.
  2. Bown, D. 1995. Encyclopedia of Herbs and Their Uses . New York: DK Publishing, Inc. 322.
  3. Budavari, S. (ed.). 1996. The Merck Index: An Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 12th ed. Whitehouse Station, N.J.: Merck & Co, Inc.
  4. De Smet, P.A. 1997. Yohimbe Alkaloids—General Discussion. In: De Smet, P.A., K. Keller, Hänsel R., Chandler, R.F. (eds.) 1997. Adverse Effects of Herbal Drugs, Vol. 3. New York: Springer Verlag. 181–205.
  5. De Smet, P.A. and O.S. Smeets. 1994. Potential risks of health food products containing yohimbe extracts [letter]. BMJ 309(6959):958.
  6. Devi, L. 1998. Yohimbine—Clinical Study Shows Effects at Different Dose Levels. HerbClip 060481. Austin, TX: American Botanical Council.
  7. Duke, J.A. 1997. The Green Pharmacy. Emmaus, PA: Rodale Press. 176, 188, 191–192, 288.
  8. Ernst, E. and M.H. Pittler. 1998. Yohimbine for erectile dysfunction: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. J Urol 159(2):433–436.
  9. Grasing, K. et al. 1996. Effects of yohimbine on autonomic measures are determined by individual values for area under the concentration-time curve. J Clin Pharmacol 36(9):814–822.
  10. Keay, R.W. 1989. Trees of Nigeria. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  11. Leung, A.Y. and S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients Used in Food, Drugs, and Cosmetics, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  12. McGuffin, M., C. Hobbs, R. Upton, A. Goldberg. 1997. American Herbal Product Association's Botanical Safety Handbook. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  13. Morales, A. et al. 1987. Is yohimbine effective in the treatment of organic impotence? Results of a controlled trial. J Urol 137(6):1168–1172.
  14. Osol, A. and G.E. Farrar. 1955. The Dispensatory of the United States of America, 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: J.B. Lippincott Company.
  15. Owen, J.A. et al. 1987. The pharmacokinetics of yohimbine in man. Eur J Clin Pharmacol 32(6):577–582.
  16. Reichert, R. 1997. Yohimbine Pharmacokinetics. Quarterly Rev Nat Med Spring:17–18.
  17. Reid, K. et al. 1987. Double-blind trial of yohimbine in treatment of psychogenic impotence. Lancet 2(8556):421–423.
  18. Reynolds, J.E.F. (ed.). 1989. Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed. London: The Pharmaceutical Press.
  19. Rice, T.F. et al. 1996. Physicians' Desk Reference® , 50th ed. Montvale, NJ: Medical Economics Company. 1283, 1322, 1363, 1892, 2552.
  20. Riley, A.J. 1994. Yohimbine in the treatment of erectile disorder. Br J Clin Pract 48(3):133–136.
  21. Roth, L. et al. 1984. Giftpflanzen, Pflanzengifte. Munich: Ecomed.
  22. Tyler, V.E. 1993. The Honest Herbal, 3rd ed. Binghamton, N.Y.: Pharmaceutical Products Press. 327–329.
  23. Werbach, M.R. and M.T. Murray. 1994. Botanical Influences on Illness—A Sourcebook of Clinical Research. Tarzana, CA: Third Line Press. 199–202.
  24. Clark, J.T. 1991. Suppression of copulatory behavior in the male rats following central administration of clonidine. Neuropharmacology (U.K.) 30(4):373–382.
  25. Clark, J.T., E.R. Smith, J.M. Davidson. 1985. Testosterone is not required for the enhancement of sexual motivation by yohimbe. Physiological Behav 35(4):517–521.
  26. Davis, G.A. and R. Kohl. 1977. The influence of alpha receptors on lordosis in the female rat. Pharm Biochem Behav 6(1):47–53.
  27. Smith, E.R. and J.M. Davidson. 1990. Yohimbine attenuates aging-induced sexual deficiencies in male rats. Physiol Behav 47(4):631–634.
  28. Smith, E.R., R.L. Lee, S.L. Schnur, J.M. Davidson. 1987. Alpha 2-adrenoceptor antagonists and male sexual behavior: 1. Mating Behavior. Physiol Behav 41(1):7–14.
  29. Taber, C.W. 1962. Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company. M–59.
REFERENCES and NOTES 

Dark baggy eyes and hyper pigmentation of periorbital area.

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  60. Dermatological Surgery, June 1999, pages 450-454.
  61. Archives of Pharmacal Research, August 2001, pages 307-311.
  62. Mutation Research, Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis, June 2005, pages 133-1450 and Toxicological Sciences, September 2004, pages 43-49.
  63. International Journal of Dermatology, December 1991, pages 893-895.
  64. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, May 2006, supplemental, pages 272-281.
  65. Dermatology, April 2003, pages 316-320
  66. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, January 1996, pages 29-33
  67. Dermatologic Therapy, January 2001, page 46
  68. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy, March 2005, pages 39-43
  69. Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery, April 2004, pages 97-102
  70. Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, November-December 2005, pages 770-774
  71. Dermatologic Surgery, October 2005, page 1263
  72. Lasers in Surgery and Medicine, April 2000, pages 376-379.
 

STRETCH MARKS - STRIAE

REF1-A lifetime of healthy skin: implications for women., Bergfeld WF., Int J Fertil Womens Med. 1999 Mar-Apr;44(2):83-95.

Pregnancy

REF2-Maia M, Marçon CR, Rodrigues SB, Aoki T., Striae distensae in pregnancy: risk factors in primiparous women,An Bras Dermatol. 2009 Dec;84(6):599-605.
REF3-Prevalence and associate factors for striae gravidarum., J-Orh R, Titapant V, Chuenwattana P, Tontisirin P., J Med Assoc Thai. 2008 Apr;91(4):445-51.

Oils and butters not working

REF4-Prevention of striae gravidarum with cocoa butter cream., Buchanan K, Fletcher HM, Reid M., Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2010 Jan;108(1):65-8.
REF5-Striae gravidarum. Folklore and fact., Madlon-Kay DJ., Arch Fam Med. 1993 May;2(5):507-11.
REF6-Cocoa butter lotion for prevention of striae gravidarum: a double-blind, randomised and placebo-controlled trial., Osman H, Usta IM, Rubeiz N, Abu-Rustum R, Charara I, Nassar AH., BJOG. 2008 Aug;115(9):1138-42.

Causes

REF7-The cause of striae distensae., Shuster S., Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockholm). 1979;59(85):161-9.

Glucocorticoid etc

REF8-Expression of estrogen, androgen, and glucocorticoid receptors in recent striae distensae., Cordeiro RC, Zecchin KG, de Moraes AM., Int J Dermatol. 2010 Jan;49(1):30-2.
REF9-Striae ulceration in iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome., Sadr AH, Akhavani MA, O'Toole G., J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2010 May;63(5):e506. Epub 2009 Sep 24. 
REF10-Elastotic striae associated with striae distensae after application of very potent topical corticosteroids., Neve S, Kirtschig G., Clin Exp Dermatol. 2006 May;31(3):461-2.
REF11-Expression of estrogen, androgen, and glucocorticoid receptors in recent striae distensae., Cordeiro RC, Zecchin KG, de Moraes AM., Int J Dermatol. 2010 Jan;49(1):30-2. REF51-Hypercortisolism in pregnancy, Bednarek-Tupikowska G, Kubicka E., Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2006 Feb;20(116):232-5.

Cushing's syndrome

REF12-Striae and acne following cardiac surgery in a child., Goggin N, Enright F, Costigan C, Duff D, Oslizlok P, Wood AE, Watson R., Br J Dermatol. 1999 Apr;140(4):734-6. 
REF13-In what clinical settings should Cushing's syndrome be suspected?, Bruno OD, Juárez-Allen L, Rossi MA, Longobardi V., Medicina (B Aires). 2009;69(6):674-80. 
REF14-Diagnosis, management and therapeutic outcome in prepubertal Cushing's disease., Dias RP, Kumaran A, Chan LF, Martin L, Afshar F, Matson M, Plowman PN, Monson JP, Besser GM, Grossman AB, Savage MO, Storr HL., Eur J Endocrinol. 2010 Mar;162(3):603-9.
REF15-Cushing syndrome in a young woman due to primary pigmented nodular adrenal disease., Hackman KL, Davis AL, Curnow PA, Serpell JW, McLean CA, Topliss DJ., Endocr Pract. 2010 Jan-Feb;16(1):84-8.
REF16-A new illicit opioid dependence outbreak, evidence for a combination of opioids and steroids., Koushesh HR, Afshari R, Afshari R., Drug Chem Toxicol. 2009;32(2):114-9.
REF17-Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy, Akush Ginekol (Sofiia). 2008;47(6):11-5. 
REF18-Screening and diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome., Castro M, Moreira AC., Arq Bras Endocrinol Metabol. 2007., Nov;51(8):1191-8.
REF19-Cushing's syndrome in women with polycystic ovaries and hyperandrogenism., Fegan PG, Sandeman DD, Krone N, Bosman D, Wood PJ, Stewart PM, Hanley NA., Nat Clin Pract Endocrinol Metab. 2007 Nov;3(11):778-83.
REF20-Repeated successful induction of fertility after replacing hydrocortisone with dexamethasone in a patient with congenital adrenal hyperplasia and testicular adrenal rest tumors., Claahsen-van der Grinten HL, Otten BJ, Sweep FC, Hermus AR., Fertil Steril. 2007 Sep;88(3):705.e5-8.
REF21-Carcinoid tumor of lung with Cushing's syndrome., Aghajanzadeh M, Alavy A, Hoda S, Mohammadi F., Arch Iran Med. 2007 Jan;10(1):94-6.
REF22-Menstrual abnormalities in a woman with ACTH-dependent pituitary macroadenoma mimicking polycystic ovary syndrome., Liao CC, Lin SY, Lin HW, Chen KH, Chang LH, Chen ST, Wang J., Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Jun;45(2):176-9.
REF23-Treatment of patients with atopic dermatitis using wet-wrap dressings with diluted steroids and/or emollients. An expert panel's opinion and review of the literature., Oranje AP, Devillers AC, Kunz B, Jones SL, DeRaeve L, Van Gysel D, de Waard-van der Spek FB, Grimalt R, Torrelo A, Stevens J, Harper J., J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2006 Nov;20(10):1277-86.

Marfan syndrome

REF24-De novo 15q21.1q21.2 deletion identified through FBN1 MLPA and refined by 244K array-CGH in a female teenager with incomplete Marfan syndrome., Faivre L, Van Kien PK, Callier P, Ruiz-Pallares N, Baudoin C, Plancke A, Wolf JE, Thauvin-Robinet C, Durand E, Minot D, Dulieu V, Metaizeau JD, Leheup B, Coron F, Bidot S, Huet F, Jondeau G, Boileau C, Claustres M, Mugneret F., Eur J Med Genet. 2010 May 14.
REF25-Clinical and molecular study of 320 children with Marfan syndrome and related type I fibrillinopathies in a series of 1009 probands with pathogenic FBN1 mutations., Faivre L, Masurel-Paulet A, Collod-Béroud G, Callewaert BL, Child AH, Stheneur C, Binquet C, Gautier E, Chevallier B, Huet F, Loeys BL, Arbustini E, Mayer K, Arslan-Kirchner M, Kiotsekoglou A, Comeglio P, Grasso M, Halliday DJ, Béroud C, Bonithon-Kopp C, Claustres M, Robinson PN, Adès L, De Backer J, Coucke P, Francke U, De Paepe A, Boileau C, Jondeau G., Pediatrics. 2009 Jan;123(1):391-8. 
REF26-Clinical features in a family with an R460H mutation in transforming growth factor beta receptor 2 gene., Law C, Bunyan D, Castle B, Day L, Simpson I, Westwood G, Keeton B., J Med Genet. 2006 Dec;43(12):908-16. 
REF27-Living with Marfan syndrome: coping with stigma., Peters K, Apse K, Blackford A, McHugh B, Michalic D, Biesecker B., Clin Genet. 2005 Jul;68(1):6-14. 
REF28-Concomitant diseases in primary joint hypermobility syndrome, Skoumal M, Haberhauer G, Mayr H., Med Klin (Munich). 2004 Oct 15;99(10):585-90.
REF29-Genetic fibrillinopathies: new insights in molecular diagnosis and clinical management., Loeys BL, Matthys DM, de Paepe AM., Acta Clin Belg. 2003 Jan-Feb;58(1):3-11.
REF30-Diastolic subclinical primary alterations in Marfan syndrome and Marfan-related disorders., Porciani MC, Giurlani L, Chelucci A, Pepe G, Giusti BH, Brunelli T, Attanasio M, Martinucci P, Fattrori R, Abbatea R, Gensini GF., Clin Cardiol. 2002 Sep;25(9):416-20.
REF31-Living with Marfan syndrome III. Quality of life and reproductive planning., Peters KF, Kong F, Hanslo M, Biesecker BB., Clin Genet. 2002 Aug;62(2):110-20. 
REF32-Strategies for prenatal and preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Marfan syndrome (MFS)., Loeys B, Nuytinck L, Van Acker P, Walraedt S, Bonduelle M, Sermon K, Hamel B, Sanchez A, Messiaen L, De Paepe A., Prenat Diagn. 2002 Jan;22(1):22-8.
REF33-Living with Marfan syndrome I. Perceptions of the condition., Peters KF, Kong F, Horne R, Francomano CA, Biesecker BB., Clin Genet. 2001 Oct;60(4):273-82. 
REF34-Fibrillin abnormalities and prognosis in Marfan syndrome and related disorders., Aoyama T, Francke U, Gasner C, Furthmayr H. Am J Med Genet. 1995 Aug 28;58(2):169-76.
REF35-White forelock in Marfan's syndrome: an unusual association, with review of the literature., Herman KL, Salman K, Rose LI., Cutis. 1991 Jul;48(1):82-4. 
REF36-Association of mitral valve prolapse and systemic abnormalities of connective tissue. A phenotypic continuum., Glesby MJ, Pyeritz RE., JAMA. 1989 Jul 28;262(4):523-8.
REF37-Pseudoxanthoma elasticum associated with Marfan syndrome, Hidano A, Nakajima S, Shimizu T, Kimata Z., Ann Dermatol Venereol. 1979 May;106(5):503-5. 
REF38-The cause of striae distensae., Shuster S., Acta Derm Venereol Suppl (Stockholm). 1979;59(85):161-9. REF39-Striae distensae elasticae in Marfan's syndrome, Fazekas A, Szegö L, Vigváry L., Orv Hetil. 1973 Sep 3;114(38):2290-2. 
REF40-Transverse striae distensae in the lumbar area in father and two sons., McKusick VA., Birth Defects Orig Artic Ser. 1971 Jun;7(8):260-1.
REF41-Histopathology of striae distensae, with special reference to striae and wound healing in the Marfan syndrome., Pinkus H, Keech MK, Mehregan AH., J Invest Dermatol. 1966 Mar;46(3):283-92.

Centella cream

REF42-Chemical, pharmacological and clinical profile of the East Asian medical plant Centella asiatica., Brinkhaus B, Lindner M, Schuppan D, Hahn EG., Phytomedicine. 2000 Oct;7(5):427-48. Review.
REF43-Creams for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy., Young GL, Jewell D., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000;(2):CD000066.
REF44-Centella asiatica (Indian pennywort), an effective therapeutic but a weak sensitizer.,Hausen BM., Contact Dermatitis. 1993 Oct;29(4):175-9.
REF45-Prophylaxis of Striae gravidarum with a topical formulation. A double blind trial., Mallol J, Belda MA, Costa D, Noval A, Sola M.,Int J Cosmet Sci. 1991 Feb;13(1):51-7.
REF46-Prophylaxis of Striae gravidarum with a topical formulation. A double blind trial. Mallol, Belda, Costa, Noval, and Sola. (1991). International Journal of Cosmetic Science 13 (13, 51-57)
REF47-Creams for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy., Young GL, Jewell D., Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000;(2):CD000066.
REF48-Attempt of preventive treatment of striae gravidarum using preventive massage ointment administration., Wierrani F, Kozak W, Schramm W, Grünberger W., Wien Klin Wochenschr. 1992;104(2):42-4. 
REF49-Topical revitalization of body skin., Flynn TC, Coleman WP., J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2000 Jul;14(4):280-4.
REF50-The impact of obesity on skin disease and epidermal permeability barrier status., Guida B, Nino M, Perrino NR, Laccetti R, Trio R, Labella S, Balato N., J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2010 Feb;24(2):191-5.

Puberty

REF52-Idiopathic striae atrophicae of puberty., Feldman K, Smith WG., CMAJ. 2007 Mar 27;176(7):929-31.
REF53-Vitiligo appearing in striae distensae as a Koebner phenomenon., Iftikhar N, Rahman A, Janjua SA., J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2009 Dec;19(12):796-7.
REF54-Clinical features and risk factors for striae distensae in Korean adolescents., Cho S, Park ES, Lee DH, Li K, Chung JH., J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2006 Oct;20(9):1108-13.
REF55-Somatic puberty development in girls., Largo RH, Prader A., Monatsschr Kinderheilkd. 1987 Aug;135(8):479-84.
REF56-Growth impairment due to transient hypercortisolism., Armour K, Chalew S, Kowarski AA., Acta Endocrinol Suppl (Copenhagen)., 1986;279:24-8. 
REF57-Development of striae and incidence of varicosities in women., Mauss HJ., Geburtshilfe Frauenheilkd. 1972 Nov;32(11):990-3.
REF58-Mast cell degranulation and elastolysis in the early stage of striae distensae., Sheu HM, Yu HS, Chang CH., J Cutan Pathol. 1991 Dec;18(6):410-6.
REF76-Parkes Weber F., Idiopathic striae atrophicae of puberty., Lancet 1935;ii:885-6.
REF77-Ammar NM, Rao B, Schwartz RA, et al. Adolescent striae., Cutis 2000;65:69-70. 
REF78-Nigam PK., Striae cutis distensae., Int J Dermatol 1989;28:426-8.

Steroid

REF59-The unusually large striae distensae all over the body., Rotsztejn H, Juchniewicz B, Nadolski M, Wendorff J, Kamer B., Cosmetology Departament, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland., Adv Med Sci. 2010 May 3:1-3. 
REF79-Side-effects of topical androgenic and anabolic substances and steroids., Wollina U, Pabst F, Schönlebe J, Abdel-Naser MB, Konrad H, Gruner M, Haroske G, Klemm E, Schreiber G., Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Panonica Adriat. 2007 Sep;16(3):117-22.
REF80-Gym and tonic: a profile of 100 male steroid users., Evans NA., Br J Sports Med. 1997 Mar;31(1):54-8. 
REF81-Effects of anabolic-androgenic steroids on the pilosebaceous unit., Scott MJ 3rd, Scott AM., Cutis. 1992 Aug;50(2):113-6.
REF82-STRIAE AND THEIR RELATION TO TOPICAL STEROID THERAPY., ADAM JE, CRAIG G., Can Med Assoc J., 1965 Feb 6;92:289-91.

Pregnancy

REF60-Striae gravidarum in primiparae., Atwal GS, Manku LK, Griffiths CE, Polson DW., Br J Dermatol. 2006 Nov;155(5):965-9
REF61- Striae gravidarum: associated factors., Ghasemi A, Gorouhi F, Rashighi-Firoozabadi M, Jafarian S, Firooz A., J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2007 Jul;21(6):743-6. 
REF62-Striae gravidarum in primiparae., Atwal GS, Manku LK, Griffiths CE, Polson DW., Br J Dermatol. 2006 Nov;155(5):965-9

Age in pregnancy

REF68-Cambazard F, Michel JL. Striae. In: Harper J, Oranje A, Prose N. Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell; 2006:1689-95.
REF69-Viennet C, Bride J, Armbruster V, Aubin F, Gabiot AC, Gharbi T, et al. Contractile forces generated by striae distensae fibroblasts embedded in collagen lattices. Arch Dermatol Res. 2005;297:10-17.
REF70-Henry F, Franchimont CP, Pans A, Piérard GE., Striae distensae of pregnancy., An in vivo biomechanical evaluation. Int J Dermatol. 1997;36:506-8.
REF71-Chang AL, Agredano YZ, Kimball AB., Risk factors associated with striae gravidarum., J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51:881-5.
REF72-Seibold JR, Korn JH, Simms R, Clements PJ, Moreland LW, Mayes MD, et al., Recombinant Human Relaxin in the Treatment of Scleroderma: a Randomized, Double- Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial., Ann Intern Med. 2000;132:871-9. 
Lernia DV, Bonci AMD, Cattania M, et al., Striae distensae (rubrae) in monozygotic twins., Ped Dermatol. 2001;18:261-4.
REF73-Davey CMH., Factors associated with the occurrence of striae gravidarum., J Obstet Gynaecol. 1972;79:1113-14.
REF74-Lawley TJ, Yancey KB., Skin Changes and Diseases in Pregnancy., Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine., 5th ed. New York: Mc Graw Hill; 1999. p.1963-5. 
REF75-Muzaffar F, Hussain I, Haroon TS., Physiologic skin changes during pregnancy: a study of 140 cases., Int J Dermatol. 1998;37:429-31.

Relaxin

REF63-Association of serum relaxin with striae gravidarum in pregnant women., Lurie S, Matas Z, Fux A, Golan A, Sadan O., Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2010 Jan 3.
REF64-Normal Serum Relaxin in Women with Disabling Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy., Petersen LK, Hvidman L, Uldbjerg N., Gynecol Obstet Invest. 1994;38(1):21-3. 
REF65-Björklund K, Bergström S, Nordström ML, Ulmsten U.,Symphyseal Distention in Relation to Serum Relaxin Levels and Pelvic Pain in Pregnancy. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2000 Apr;79(4):269-75.
REF66-Hansen A, Jensen DV, Larsen E, Wilken-Jensen C, Petersen LK., Relaxin is not related to symptom-giving pelvic girdle relaxation in pregnant women. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1996 Mar;75(3):245-9.
REF67-Circulating levels of relaxin are normal in pregnant women with pelvic pain. Albert H, Godskesen M, Westergaard JG, Chard T, Gunn L., Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1997 Jul;74(1):19-22.

Retenoid cream

REF76-Topical tretinoin 0.1% for pregnancy-related abdominal striae: an open-label, multicenter, prospective study., Rangel O, Arias I, García E, Lopez-Padilla S., Adv Ther. 2001 Jul-Aug;18(4):181-6.
REF77-Low-dose tretinoin does not improve striae distensae: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study., Pribanich S, Simpson FG, Held B, Yarbrough CL, White SN., Cutis. 1994 Aug;54(2):121-4.

Collagen

REF83-Induction of collagenolytic and proteolytic activities by anti-inflammatoes this by inhibiting collagen formation, decreasing amino acid uptake by muscle, and inhibiting protein synthesis. Houck JC, Sharma VK, Patel YM, Gladner JA. + Sites of Hormonal Regulation of Protein Metabolism. p. 229”, Mammalian Protein., Manchester, K. L. (Munro, H.N., Ed.). Academic Press, New York.p 273. 
REF84-Striae: morphological aspects of connective tissue., Pieraggi MT, Julian M, Delmas M, Bouissou H., Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histol. 1982 Aug;396(3):279-89.

Supplements

REF85-Striae gravidarum: folklore and fact., Levin WM., Arch Fam Med. 1995 Feb;4(2):98.

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Articles of interest

Ageless herbal product range

Our Ageless herbal product range

Skin care

  • Healing cream
    • To assist in wound healing while soothing skin complaints – such as eczema and psoriasis, acne and piles and moisturizing and protecting the skin. This product has shown its effectiveness over a wide range of problems and judging from sales over more than a decade – it is the trusted healing cream to help with all mishaps, allergic reactions, irritated, burning, itchy and uncomfortable skin conditions.
  • Face wash
    • This face wash will properly clean your face and remove all impurities and environmental pollutants, without drying the skin. It contains eight herbal extracts to help promote a clear, vital and healthy complexion and a younger looking skin.
  • Moisturizing day cream
    • This day cream is formulated to help fight the signs of aging on various fronts. It helps to reduce free radical damage which, if left unchecked, leads to premature aging. The herbal extracts help to promote cell rejuvenation and regeneration and provide moisture and hydration to the skin.
  • Nourishing night cream
    • This nourishing night cream penetrates the skin extremely well and does not make the skin feel oily. It contains a host of herbal extracts to help in the fight against premature aging and has added vitamin E as well. Apart from the moisturizing effect and the anti-aging properties it also softens and smoothes the skin.
  • Eye gel
    • An effective refreshing eye gel to help reduce puffiness and dark rings around the eyes, while fighting wrinkles and lines. This is a very clever combination of herbal extracts and the base formula has its roots in a clinically proven formula.
  • Mud face mask
    • With this skin treatment product we combined a special selection of herbs in a base of thermal mud with oligoelements. This recommended weekly treatment will boost circulation to the skin, help to fight wrinkles and lines, improve firmness while at the same time improving suppleness and elasticity of the skin.

 

Hair care

  • Shampoo with rosemary extract + 7 other herbals
    • Our shampoo is in a class of its own – and granted – it is far more expensive than cheap supermarket shampoos, but no other shampoo has the active ingredients we have in our shampoo. The rosemary will boost the health of the hair and scalp, while the other seven herbal extracts will help strengthen the hair and make it shine, increase the volume and make it manageable.
  • Rosemary hair treatment conditioner
    • We have found that this hair conditioner should really be used as a conditioning treatment. This then removes the need to condition the hair every time you wash – and can be used once a month. It is a superb hair tonic and helps in the control of sebum secretion of the scalp. Although not formulated for dandruff – the ingredients will assist with this as well, while supporting the health of the scalp.

 

Specialized herbal gels and lotions

  • Hand and body lotion
    • When formulating this hand and body lotion we created a rich nourishing, protecting and reviving lotion, which will not leave the skin oily or tacky, but will create a well moisturized, hydrated and supple skin. After applying this lotion it will quickly be absorbed by the skin, leaving it silky soft, smooth and well moisturized.
  • Stretch mark gel
    • Although nothing can remove already formed stretch marks (only surgery can do that) – thousands of satisfied clients confirm that this gel improves the appearance of old stretch marks. The gel will help in PREVENTING stretch marks (a 92% success rate) and is used with great success by expectant mothers and body builders who may form marks when bulking-up. The formula of this gel is based on clinical studies done in France, to which we added other herbal extracts.
  • Cellulite gel
    • Fighting cellulite is easy with this herbal cellulite gel. It contains a patented extract of Bayberry (Myriceline) and nine other plant extracts and essential oils. The gel will help to get rid of cellulite (which has been clinically proven) and will also help to prevent cellulite from forming. So now it is easy to get your soft body contours back again.

 

Herbal supplements

  • Apple cider vinegar (liquid) with Centella asiatica
    • The health benefits of apple cider vinegar are combined with the therapeutic properties of Centella asiatica. This old folk remedy is still used with great effect by thousands of people daily.
  • Digest capsules
    • If your digestive system is under-par and you struggle with constipation or you simply need to boost the health of your digestive system then this capsule is for you. Fenugreek is a general digestive tonic and psyllium is a magical bulking agent that will help proper bowel movements, without using a laxative.
  • Detox capsules
    • Our modern day lifestyle exposes us to many unwanted additive and our diet also places stress on the body. To help the body get rid of toxins and waste materials naturally we combined fennel, basil, celery and parsley to help the body remove these toxins. It peps-up your metabolism and helps the bladder, kidneys and liver to do their work more effectively.
  • Urinary and bladder health capsules
    • Using an all natural approach, our capsules will help the discomfort and burning urine sensation of urinary tract infection and help clear up foul smelling urine. We combined cranberry, dandelion, uva ursi and vitamin C in a single capsule to effectively fight bladder infections and to stop the burning sensation when urinating.
  • Tri- Mushroom blend capsules
    • If you need an immune system boost then have a look at our combination of maitake, reishi and shiitake mushrooms. These mushrooms have showed to be a great help in boosting the immune system – and form a good nutritional supplement support for HIV/Aids patients and people receiving chemotherapy. Any person with even a slightly compromised immune system may benefit from this supplement.
  • Olive leaf extract capsules
    • This natural detoxifier helps with a variety of ailments and people with chronic fatigue syndrome, infections, glandular fever (Epstein Barr), and even candida and herpes have found it of value. Olive leaf extract helps to fight bacteria, viruses, retroviruses, and protozoa and yeast strains. Apart from fighting all of these problems it also helps to improve kidney function and fights free radicals.
  • Sexual supplement (previously known as Vuka Nkuzi)
    • Men normally don’t admit when they have a declining libido although it is a most common problem. We combine in this supplement seven different natural ingredients to boost sexual health – without any side effects often experienced with such medication. After more than a decade, and thousands of regular Vuka Nkuzi clients we still offer this well priced supplement to boost the libido.

 

Other products

  • Jojoba oil
    • This liquid golden ester not only moisturizes and penetrates the skin but also helps to fight wrinkles and lines while promoting a clear and unblemished skin. Jojoba does not clog the pores but helps to restore skin elasticity and smoothness. It will leave the skin supple and velvety soft without any oiliness and can be used neat on the skin.
  • Almond oil
    • This light and deeply moisturizing oil has a softening effect on the skin and can be used on the face and body. Almond oil has excellent emollient properties and helps to balance water and moisture loss in the skin. It can be used neat on the skin and also makes an excellent massage base.

Herbal information

Herbal encyclopedia

Different uses of medicinal herbs

Explanation of the therapeutic properties of herbs

List of ailments and herbs that may be useful


Information on individual herbs

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