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Vitamin C - ascorbic acid - information

Vitamin C is also known as, ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid, dehydroascorbic acid, the antiscorbutic vitamin, L-xyloascorbic acid and L-threo-hex-2-uronic acidy-lactone, is a much talked about vitamin, with people claiming it as a cure-all for many diseases and problems - from cancer to the common cold. Yet, this miracle vitamin cannot be manufactured by the body, and needs to be ingested.

  • Some of the literature under "Other interesting facts" may be a bit technical, but we tried to tried to keep as close to the actual research documents, in order not to make unsupported claims.

 

vitamin C fights aging tumors cancers on this page

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Vitamin C is required for

Vitamin C is required in the synthesis of collagen in connective tissue, neurotransmitters, steroid hormones, carnitine, conversion of cholesterol to bile acids and enhances iron bioavailability. Ascorbic acid is a great antioxidant and helps protect the body against pollutants.

Because vitamin C is a biological reducing agent, it is also linked to prevention of degenerative diseases - such as cataracts, certain cancers and cardiovascular diseases.

Ascorbic acid also promotes healthy cell development, proper calcium absorption, normal tissue growth and repair - such as healing of wounds and burns. It assists in the prevention of blood clotting and bruising, and strengthening the walls of the capillaries.

Vitamin C is needed for healthy gums, to help protect against infection, and assisting with clearing up infections and is thought to enhance the immune system and help reduce cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and preventing arteriosclerosis.

Deficiency of vitamin C

When there is a shortage of Vitamin C, various problems can arise, although scurvy is the only disease clinically treated with vitamin C. However, a shortage of vitamin C may result in "pinpoint" hemorrhages under the skin and a tendency to bruise easily, poor wound healing, soft and spongy bleeding gums and loose teeth.

Edema (water retention) also happens with a shortage of vitamin C, and weakness, a lack of energy, poor digestion, painful joints and bronchial infection and colds are also indicative of an under-supply.

Dosage vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

The dosage underneath is the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA), but be aware that this dosage is the minimum that you require per day, to ward off serious deficiency of this particular nutrient. In the therapeutic use of this nutrient, the dosage is usually increased considerably, but the toxicity level must be kept in mind.

The RDA is 60 mg, per day - yet this amount will only prevent you from picking up scurvy and more recent studies suggest that an intake between 200 - 500 mg per day may be the most beneficial for healthy people.

The recommend dosage for pregnant or lactating women is 75-95 mg per day.

Toxicity and symptoms of high intake

Since ascorbic acid is a water-soluble vitamin, toxic levels are not built up or stored in the body, and any excess is lost mostly through urine. If extremely large amounts are taken gastrointestinal problems may appear, but will normalize when the intake is cut or reduced.

To determine a level where a person might experience discomfort is difficult, since some people can easily stomach up to 25,000 mg per day, while others start having a problem at 600 or 1,000 mg.

Some people using mega dose therapy of vitamin C may have side effects such as gastrointestinal complaints including diarrhea, nausea and abdominal cramps. These side effects normally stop as soon as high potency intake is reduced or stopped.

Mega doses of vitamin C should be avoided in individuals with a history of renal stones (kidney stones) due to oxalate formation or hemochromatosis or other diseases related to excessive iron accumulation.

Extremely high dosage of vitamin C may predispose premature infants to hemolytic anemia due to the fragility of their red blood cells.

Best used with

Vitamin C will be more effective if taken with bioflavonoids, calcium and magnesium. To enhance the antioxidant properties, it will be best to take it with the other anti-oxidants, as there is strong evidence of synergy between all of them.

When more may be required vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

The need for vitamin C will dramatically increase in times when the body is subjected to trauma, infections, and strenuous exercise, elevated environmental temperatures or if the person is a cigarette smoker. Cigarette smokers should supplement with a minimum additional 100 mg per day.

Be careful of taking aspirin and vitamin C together - it may cause stomach irritation.

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Enemy of vitamin C

Antagonists that destroy this vitamin are air, heat, water as well as prolonged storage, overcooking and processing.

Antacids, alcohol, antidepressants, birth control pills and steroids will also deplete this vitamin.

Food sources of vitamin C

Good sources of vitamin C are green leafy vegetables, berries, citrus fruits, guavas, tomatoes, melons, papayas etc.

Other interesting points

Ongoing research is looking at the clinical use of vitamin C in the prevention and treatment of human diseases.

In 1976 an article co-authored by Linus Pauling described that 100 terminal cancer patients treated with intravenous vitamin C, followed by oral maintenance, lived four times longer than a control group of 1,000 patients who did not receive vitamin C.

This article has been hotly disputed for decades, and the Mayo clinic did studies to prove the opposite - but none the less, vitamin C remains an important vitamin.

Yet, the fact remains that Linus Pauling is the first person to win two unshared Nobel prizes - one for chemistry and the other for peace.

However in 2009 Grober assessed that high dose intravenous vitamin C therapy may have benefits in patients with advanced cancers, and cancers with poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options, but that further clinical studies regarding the safety and efficacy of this vitamin C therapy were necessary.

Humans cannot synthesize ascorbic acid due to lack of an enzyme gulonolactone oxidase and must be taken as part of their diet daily, as it is depleted by killing of free radicals, and excesses as excreted in the urine.

Although Paul Linus and Adelle Davis both stated very clearly that they believed in the wonderful properties of vitamin C – both were criticized, with a lot of the criticism having had to be retracted due to new medical research.

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Vitamin C in the cell vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

Two dioxygenases involved in the biosynthesis of carnitine also require vitamin C as a cofactor for maximal activity. Carnitine is essential for the transport of activated long-chain fatty acids into the mitochondria; as a result, vitamin C deficiency results in fatigue and lethargy, early symptoms of scurvy and a general sense of feeling un-wellness.

In a test vitamin C's antioxidant capacity was tested and the ability to protect the cell DNA (The DNA [Deoxyribonucleic acid] contains the genetic instructions (genes, genomes, telomeres, centromeres, pseudogenes etc) used in the development and functioning of the cells and the body in total) from strand breaks and it was found that in people with a lower vitamin C level had increased DNA strand breaks when the cells were challenged with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)).

It acts as a reductor (redox) agent required for synthesis of collagen fibers through hydroxylation of proline and lysine.

In endothelial cells, vitamin C helps to prevent endothelial dysfunction, stimulates type IV collagen synthesis, and enhances cell proliferation and in the vascular (heart) smooth muscle cells, it inhibits dedifferentiation, recruitment, and proliferation in areas of vascular damage.

In macrophages (white blood cells that fight disease in our bodies), ascorbate decreases oxidant stress related to their activation, decreases uptake and degradation of oxidized LDL in some studies, and enhances several aspects of their function, and it also seems to be of value in the early stages of atherosclerosis (artery wall thickening as the result of a build-up of fatty materials such as cholesterol).

Vitamin C, a water-soluble antioxidant in plasma, stimulates and protects collagen synthesis while recycling vitamin E.

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Vitamin C and inflammation

Plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) is an inflammatory marker that predicts cardiovascular disease, and a study found that vitamin C significantly reduced CRP among individuals with CRP and may prove interesting to follow-up on possibilities of vitamin C helping with health problems related to obesity and overweight.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) can also help in reducing bruising and vitamin C supplements of </=2000 mg/d are safe for most adults.

Neuro-aging and vitamin C vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

Ascorbate (vitamin C) is a vital antioxidant molecule in the brain and ascorbate is proposed as a neuromodulator of glutamatergic, dopaminergic, cholinergic, and GABAergic transmission and related behaviors.

Neurodegenerative diseases typically involve high levels of oxidative stress and thus vitamin C has been shown to have potential therapeutic roles against ischemic stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease.

Tissue mercury levels in humans have increased during the past 50 years to an alarming concentration, with possible deleterious effects that may involve neurological, cardiovascular, and immunological pathology.

In a study glutathione and high-dose vitamin C for treatment of high-level mercury showed that an average of 69% reduction of urine mercury by provocation analysis.

It has long been suspected that ascorbic acid is involved in many cellular reactions it has become clear that in animal cells the ascorbate does not seem to be directly involved in catalytic cycles. Rather its major function seems to keep prosthetic metal ions in their reduced form.

The role of ascorbate (vitamin C) as a reductant (redox effect) in these enzymatic reactions complements its other antioxidant functions which have been recently appreciated, including that as a scavenger of free radicals.

Therefore, it seems that the major function of ascorbate is to protect tissues from harmful oxidative products and to keep certain enzymes in their required reduced forms. However, it remains unclear how the deficiency of ascorbate leads to the pathological symptoms found in scurvy.

In a study daily dosages of 500 to 3,000 mg. were taken, which is roughly 8 to 50 times the RDA of 60 mg., to subjects recovering from surgery, other injuries, decubital ulcers, and leg ulcers induced by hemolytic anemia and all showed a positive effect from the vitamin C intake.

Genetic impairment of collagen synthesis has also been observed to be responsive to ascorbic acid supplementation in an 8-year-old boy with Type VI Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Four grams (4,000 mg) of ascorbic acid daily produced a significant improvement in the quality of newly synthesized collagen but did not alter that formed prior to the supplementation of C. The combined evidence in this review provides a substantial base for further research, both clinical and experimental trials, concerning the interrelationships between vitamin C and the body's healing potential.

Ascorbic acid was shown to have anti-inflammatory and healing effects, guaranteeing a suitable environment and conditions for faster skin repair.

references vitamin c, ascorbic, acid, anti-inflammatory, aging, anti-cancer, fights tumors

PLEASE NOTE:
We do not advocate that vitamin C will cure cancer, yet we believe that it can be part of a good supportive supplement.
Please note that no information on this page has been reviewed by the USA FDA or SA MCC.

Vitamin C and cancer vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

Epidemiological studies have suggested an association between vitamin C (and other antioxidant vitamins) and cancer risk. However, the mechanisms accounting for prevention have not been extensively investigated.

references vitamin c, ascorbic, acid, anti-inflammatory, aging, anti-cancer, fights tumors

In skin, vitamin C (ascorbic acid) exerts different biological roles, including photo-protective effects and participation in collagen synthesis. This paper reports new findings about additional functions of the vitamin.

Vitamin C counteracts oxidative stress via transcriptional and post-translational mechanisms; this modulation may interfere with the activity of redox-sensitive transcription factors, commitment to differentiation or cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis (cell death) in response to DNA damage. All of these vitamin C-mediated responses might be important in different cell types, allowing for the maintenance of body homeostasis.

Host resistance to neoplastic growth and invasiveness is recognized to be an important factor in determining the occurrence, the progress, and the eventual outcome of every cancer illness.

It is shown that many factors involved in host resistance to neoplasia are significantly dependent upon the availability of ascorbate.

The results of these experiments showed an inverse correlation between vitamin C concentrations relative to both cell migration and gap filling capacity.

Suppression of nitric oxide generation appeared to be one of the mechanisms by which vitamin C mediated angiostatic effects. This study supports further investigation into non-cytotoxic antitumor activities of vitamin C.

It was proven that Vitamin C could inhibit the growth of many types of tumors as an antioxidant.

During an operation it was shown that vitamin C help to improve the oxygen levels in the blood, whereas another study showed that vitamin C as micronutrient can also help in the fight against multiple types of cancer as it helps to strengthening the collagen and connective tissue - helping the inhibition of metastasis, tumor growth etc.

During breast cancer it often metastasis to bone, tumor cells and bone marrow - and in a study conducted on mice the application of vitamin C helped the osteoblast to slow this progression of breast cancer to metastasis to bone.

There are a couple of well document, well developed and using excellent protocols, with necessary controls, on animals as well as humans that show that vitamin C has a definite role to play in fighting a variety of cancers, including lung carcinoma cells, tumors and other malignancies, and that people with any type of cancer suffer from depleted vitamin C.

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Vitamin C and aging vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

Higher intakes of vitamin C and linoleic acid and lower intakes of fats and carbohydrates are associated with better skin-aging appearance.

Promoting healthy dietary behaviors and higher intake of vitamin C may have additional benefit for skin appearance in addition to other health outcomes in the population.

In one study the results demonstrate that vitamin C deficiency shortens longevity, that is, vitamin C deficiency accelerates aging.

In the analysis of micronutrients, higher intakes of vitamins C and E from foods were each associated with longer telomeres, (A telomere is a region of repetitive DNA at the end of a chromosome, which protects the end of the chromosome from deterioration) even after adjustment for multivitamin use.

Furthermore, intakes of both nutrients were associated with telomere length among women who did not take multivitamins.

During aging, the levels of vitamin C appear to decline in the human, guinea pig, and the mouse. Synthetic antioxidants, added to the diets of mice, have been noted to extend the lifespan.

Applications of some drugs (antioxidants--asiaticoside, vitamin E and ascorbic acid; calcium D-pantothenate, exogenous fibronectin; antileprosy drugs--oil of hydnocarpus; alcoholic extract of yeast) have shown to accelerate wound healing.

Werner Syndrome (WS) is a premature aging disorder caused by mutations in a RecQ-like DNA helicase. In a study the results indicate that vitamin C supplementation could be beneficial for patients with Werner Syndrome.

references vitamin c, ascorbic, acid, anti-inflammatory, aging, anti-cancer, fights tumors

Ascorbic acid and bone health

Recent literature clearly shows that vitamin C and B affect bone quality by determinant "collagen cross-link formation".

In a study about bone health in older males, the associations were attenuated but retained borderline significance (P-trend < 0.1) after adjusting for potassium intake (a marker of fruit and vegetable intake), suggesting that vitamin C effects may not be separated from other protective factors in fruit and vegetables. Null associations were observed among women. These results suggest a possible protective role of vitamin C for bone health in older men.

Ascorbic acid and cataracts vitamin c ascorbic acid protects against aging cancer tumors

Higher intakes of vitamin C or the combined intake of antioxidants had long-term protective associations against development of nuclear cataract in this older population, and a study showed that there was a clear relationship between ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and the occurrence of cataracts.

references vitamin c, ascorbic, acid, anti-inflammatory, aging, anti-cancer, fights tumors

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Skin care

  • Healing cream
    • To assist in wound healing while soothing skin complaints – such as eczema and psoriasis, acne and piles and moisturizing and protecting the skin. This product has shown its effectiveness over a wide range of problems and judging from sales over more than a decade – it is the trusted healing cream to help with all mishaps, allergic reactions, irritated, burning, itchy and uncomfortable skin conditions.
  • Face wash
    • This face wash will properly clean your face and remove all impurities and environmental pollutants, without drying the skin. It contains eight herbal extracts to help promote a clear, vital and healthy complexion and a younger looking skin.
  • Moisturizing day cream
    • This day cream is formulated to help fight the signs of aging on various fronts. It helps to reduce free radical damage which, if left unchecked, leads to premature aging. The herbal extracts help to promote cell rejuvenation and regeneration and provide moisture and hydration to the skin.
  • Nourishing night cream
    • This nourishing night cream penetrates the skin extremely well and does not make the skin feel oily. It contains a host of herbal extracts to help in the fight against premature aging and has added vitamin E as well. Apart from the moisturizing effect and the anti-aging properties it also softens and smoothes the skin.
  • Eye gel
    • An effective refreshing eye gel to help reduce puffiness and dark rings around the eyes, while fighting wrinkles and lines. This is a very clever combination of herbal extracts and the base formula has its roots in a clinically proven formula.
  • Mud face mask
    • With this skin treatment product we combined a special selection of herbs in a base of thermal mud with oligoelements. This recommended weekly treatment will boost circulation to the skin, help to fight wrinkles and lines, improve firmness while at the same time improving suppleness and elasticity of the skin.

 

Hair care

  • Shampoo with rosemary extract + 7 other herbals
    • Our shampoo is in a class of its own – and granted – it is far more expensive than cheap supermarket shampoos, but no other shampoo has the active ingredients we have in our shampoo. The rosemary will boost the health of the hair and scalp, while the other seven herbal extracts will help strengthen the hair and make it shine, increase the volume and make it manageable.
  • Rosemary hair treatment conditioner
    • We have found that this hair conditioner should really be used as a conditioning treatment. This then removes the need to condition the hair every time you wash – and can be used once a month. It is a superb hair tonic and helps in the control of sebum secretion of the scalp. Although not formulated for dandruff – the ingredients will assist with this as well, while supporting the health of the scalp.

 

Specialized herbal gels and lotions

  • Hand and body lotion
    • When formulating this hand and body lotion we created a rich nourishing, protecting and reviving lotion, which will not leave the skin oily or tacky, but will create a well moisturized, hydrated and supple skin. After applying this lotion it will quickly be absorbed by the skin, leaving it silky soft, smooth and well moisturized.
  • Stretch mark gel
    • Although nothing can remove already formed stretch marks (only surgery can do that) – thousands of satisfied clients confirm that this gel improves the appearance of old stretch marks. The gel will help in PREVENTING stretch marks (a 92% success rate) and is used with great success by expectant mothers and body builders who may form marks when bulking-up. The formula of this gel is based on clinical studies done in France, to which we added other herbal extracts.
  • Cellulite gel
    • Fighting cellulite is easy with this herbal cellulite gel. It contains a patented extract of Bayberry (Myriceline) and nine other plant extracts and essential oils. The gel will help to get rid of cellulite (which has been clinically proven) and will also help to prevent cellulite from forming. So now it is easy to get your soft body contours back again.

 

Herbal supplements

  • Apple cider vinegar (liquid) with Centella asiatica
    • The health benefits of apple cider vinegar are combined with the therapeutic properties of Centella asiatica. This old folk remedy is still used with great effect by thousands of people daily.
  • Digest capsules
    • If your digestive system is under-par and you struggle with constipation or you simply need to boost the health of your digestive system then this capsule is for you. Fenugreek is a general digestive tonic and psyllium is a magical bulking agent that will help proper bowel movements, without using a laxative.
  • Detox capsules
    • Our modern day lifestyle exposes us to many unwanted additive and our diet also places stress on the body. To help the body get rid of toxins and waste materials naturally we combined fennel, basil, celery and parsley to help the body remove these toxins. It peps-up your metabolism and helps the bladder, kidneys and liver to do their work more effectively.
  • Urinary and bladder health capsules
    • Using an all natural approach, our capsules will help the discomfort and burning urine sensation of urinary tract infection and help clear up foul smelling urine. We combined cranberry, dandelion, uva ursi and vitamin C in a single capsule to effectively fight bladder infections and to stop the burning sensation when urinating.
  • Tri- Mushroom blend capsules
    • If you need an immune system boost then have a look at our combination of maitake, reishi and shiitake mushrooms. These mushrooms have showed to be a great help in boosting the immune system – and form a good nutritional supplement support for HIV/Aids patients and people receiving chemotherapy. Any person with even a slightly compromised immune system may benefit from this supplement.
  • Olive leaf extract capsules
    • This natural detoxifier helps with a variety of ailments and people with chronic fatigue syndrome, infections, glandular fever (Epstein Barr), and even candida and herpes have found it of value. Olive leaf extract helps to fight bacteria, viruses, retroviruses, and protozoa and yeast strains. Apart from fighting all of these problems it also helps to improve kidney function and fights free radicals.
  • Sexual supplement (previously known as Vuka Nkuzi)
    • Men normally don’t admit when they have a declining libido although it is a most common problem. We combine in this supplement seven different natural ingredients to boost sexual health – without any side effects often experienced with such medication. After more than a decade, and thousands of regular Vuka Nkuzi clients we still offer this well priced supplement to boost the libido.

 

Other products

  • Jojoba oil
    • This liquid golden ester not only moisturizes and penetrates the skin but also helps to fight wrinkles and lines while promoting a clear and unblemished skin. Jojoba does not clog the pores but helps to restore skin elasticity and smoothness. It will leave the skin supple and velvety soft without any oiliness and can be used neat on the skin.
  • Almond oil
    • This light and deeply moisturizing oil has a softening effect on the skin and can be used on the face and body. Almond oil has excellent emollient properties and helps to balance water and moisture loss in the skin. It can be used neat on the skin and also makes an excellent massage base.

Herbal information

Herbal encyclopedia

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Explanation of the therapeutic properties of herbs

List of ailments and herbs that may be useful


Information on individual herbs

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